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波浪作用下海上溢油潜浮于水的机理研究进展
付红蕊, 赵兴, 玛莎, 严志宇
大连海事大学
摘要:
溢油污染中,海上溢油潜浮于水的机理及规律的研究对理解和预测溢油的海上运动十分重要,本文从单油滴角度对波浪作用下的漂浮溢油入水过程(夹带、油滴的形成),演变过程(油滴的变形、破碎和聚并)和上浮过程的研究现状进行综述,介绍了溢油及相关领域的研究手段和实验方法,并提出需要进一步解决的主要问题,为预测海上水体中的分布和行为归宿提供理论基础。
关键词:  溢油污染  波浪作用  油滴尺寸  夹带  破碎与聚并
DOI:10.11759/hykx20180804001
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划子课题(2016YFC1402301);国家社科基金重大项目(17ZDA172)
Research Progress on the Mechanism of Marine Oil Spill Submerging and Floating in Water under Wave Action
fuhongrui, zhaoxing, Massamba-Courtois Joanès Bénédicte, yanzhiyu
Dalian Maritime University
Abstract:
In oil spill pollution, the mechanism and law of floating oil spill in the process of submergence and floatation in water is very important for understanding and quantifying the sea movement of oil spill. From the perspective of a single oil droplet, under the action of wave, this article reviewed the process of the floating oil spill diving into the water (Entrainment, The formation of oil droplets), the process of evolution (Deformation, fragmentation and coalescence of oil droplets) and the process of floatation. The research methods and experimental methods for oil spill and related fields are introduced. The main problems that need to be further solved are proposed.It provides a theoretical basis for predicting the distribution and behavioral fate in marine water bodies.
Key words:  oil spill pollution  wave action  oil droplet size  entrainment  breakup and coalescence
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