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对虾鳃虱亚科(甲壳动物亚门:等足目)的分类学与动物地理学研究进展
白娟, 张苗, 安建梅
山西师范大学 生命科学学院
摘要:
本文基于对虾鳃虱亚科的形态学特征,比较属间存在的差异,总结所有属的分类学研究进展。总结世界范围内对虾鳃虱亚科的地理分布特征,解析该亚科动物地理区系特征。截至目前,对虾鳃虱亚科包括8属39种,分别为:异圆对虾鳃虱属Anisorbione Bourdon, 1981(1种);拟偏对虾鳃虱属 Asymmetrorbione Boyko, 2003(2种);表对虾鳃虱属 Epipenaeon Nobili, 1906(8种);小对虾鳃虱属 Minicopenaeon Bourdon, 1981(4种);圆对虾鳃虱属 Orbione Bonnier, 1900(8种);双尾拟偏对虾鳃虱属 Parasymmetrorbione An, Boyko & Li, 2013(1种);拟对虾鳃虱属 Parapenaeon Richardson, 1904(13种);仿拟对虾鳃虱属 Parapenaeonella Shiino, 1949(2种)。对虾鳃虱亚科形态特征:头前板和底节板发达,体形较大。从形态特征推测的系统发育关系,认为对虾鳃虱亚科是寄生亚目鳃虱科中比较进化的类群,其地理分布范围受寄主对虾总科地理分布的限制,物种分布相对集中,主要分布范围限定于从红海到日本的印度-西太平洋海域。根据该亚科主要属种的地理分布信息,推测该类群的演化是从环热带古地中海闭合开始,直到始新世。
关键词:  对虾鳃虱亚科,分类,动物地理
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(No. 31471970)
Review of classification and zoogeography of Orbioninae (Crustacea: Isopoda)
BAI Juan, ZHANG Miao, AN Jian-mei
School of Life Science,Shanxi Normal University
Abstract:
The morphological characteristics of the Orbioninae were recorded, and the morphological differences among the genus of the subfamily were compared, To summarize the classification progress of all genus. The geographical distribution characteristics of the Orbioninae in the world and to analyze the zoogeographic region characteristics of the Orbioninae . Up to now, the Orbioninae includes 8 genus 39 species, It is included Anisorbione Bourdon, 1981 (1 species);Asymmetrorbione Boyko, 2003 (2 species);Epipenaeon Nobili, 1906 (8 species);Minicopenaeon Bourdon, 1981 (4 species);Orbione Bonnier, 1900 (8 species);Parasymmetrorbione An, Boyko Li, 2013 (1 species);Parapenaeon Richardson, 1904 (13 species);Parapenaeonella Shiino, 1949 (2 species). Morphological characteristics of the Orbioninae, Frontal lamina and coxal plates well-developed, body larger. The phylogenetic relationships inferred from morphological characteristics suggest that the Orbioninae is a relatively evolutionary group of the Epicaridea, Its geographical distribution is restricted by the geographical distribution of the Penaeoidea. Species are relatively concentrated in the Indo-West Pacific from the Red Sea to Japan. According to the geographic distribution of the genus of the Orbioninae, It is presumed that the evolution of the Orbioninae must have evolved since the closing of the circumtropical Tethys Sea, thus no later than the Eocene.
Key words:  Orbioninae , Classification, Zoogeography
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