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一种用于海洋综合观测浮标的多种通信方式集成系统
王春晓, 王旭, 刘长华, 贾思洋
中国科学院海洋研究所
摘要:
本文介绍了一种应用于海洋综合观测浮标实时数据传输的多种通信方式集成系统,该系统将浮标使用的多种通信模块进行集成管理,并在每个数据发送周期进行通信信号检测,经过比较选择最优的通信方式进行数据传输。该系统具有采集数据完整、数据冗余小、运行功耗低等优点,有效增强了浮标的通信能力,完善了原有通信系统的功能,并且后期还具备较强的可扩展性功能,如浮标舱内环境监测和独立定位等,进一步增强浮标的安全性。该系统已经完成12个月的海上试运行,系统运行稳定,功能达到预期,可满足海洋综合观测浮标对多种通信方式进行优化管理的需求。
关键词:  多种通信方式  观测浮标  无线实时传输
DOI:10.11759/hykx20190314001
分类号:TN98
基金项目:中国科学院科研仪器设备研制项目,中国科学院知识创新项目
A multi-communication system used for marine integrated observation buoy
WANG Chun-xiao, WANG Xu, LIU Chang-hua, JIA Si-yang
Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
This paper introduces the development of multi-Scommunication system which applies to marine integrated observation buoy. The system integrates the various communication modules used by the buoy, and detects the communication signal in each data transmission cycle. Then the optimal communication mode will be selected by comparing the signals. The system has the advantages of getting complete data, low data redundancy, low power consumption and so on, which enhances communication capability of buoys and improves the function of the original communication system. It can also extend the important functions such as environment monitoring of buoy cabin and independent positioning, which can enhance the safety of buoy. A 12-month offshore test indicated that the system ran stably and its function lived up to expectations, which met the requirements of optimal management of multiple communication modes for marine integrated observation buoy.
Key words:  Multi-Communication  Observation buoy  Wireless real-time transmission
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