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新型近海水体剖面观测技术--三锚式浮标综合观测平台的研究和应用
刘长华1, 张曙伟2,3, 王旭1, 万晓正2,3, 贾思洋1, 赵环宇2,3, 王春晓1, 刘野2,3, 范秀涛2,3, 刘世萱2,3
1.中国科学院海洋研究所 山东 青岛;2.齐鲁工业大学(山东省科学院)海洋仪器仪表研究所;3.山东省海洋监测仪器装备技术重点实验室
摘要:
在我国近海海域渔业活动频繁的情况下,为实现具有实时、连续、长期和稳定特征的近海海洋水体剖面观测,满足海洋科学研究对剖面水体数据的需求,通过借鉴目前我国近海广泛使用的大型综合观测浮标技术的优点,在结构和稳性方面进一步优化,设计完成直径15米的三锚式浮标综合观测平台,该平台通过在浮标中间预留中央透水井,使用绞车上下驱动多参数观测设备实现水体剖面的实时、连续、长期和稳定观测,并通过三锚式锚泊方式有效避免了剖面观测设备与固定锚系的缠绕问题,同时三锚式浮标综合观测平台还具有智能判断、远程监控等功能,是一种新型的近海水体剖面观测技术。经过在我国东海海域一年周期的试验性观测表明,三锚式浮标综合观测平台整体运行效果良好,获取到大量的水体剖面观测数据,具有很强的推广应用价值。
关键词:  水体剖面观测,三锚式,浮标观测,近海
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191106004
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上基金(41876102);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项项目(XDA1906020303);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC1401201)
A new technique for profile observation of offshore water: Research and application of three-anchor buoy integrated observation platform
Liu chang-hua1, Zhang Shu-wei2,3, Wang Xu1, Wang Xiao-zheng2,3, Jia Si-yang1, Zhao Huan-yu2,3, Wang Chun-xiao1, Liu Ye2,3, Fan Xiu-tao2,3, Liu Shi-xuan2,3
1.Institute of Oceanology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences;2.Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences) Institute of 0ceanographic Instrmentation;3.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine monitoring instrument equipment technology
Abstract:
Under the condition of high frequent fishery activities in China''s offshore waters, in order to realize the real-time, continuous, long-term and stable profile observation of offshore and meet the needs of marine scientific research. According to the advantages of large-comprehensive observation buoy technology which is applied in China''s offshore areas widely, the buoy structure and stability is further optimized. A three-anchor buoy comprehensive observation platform, which diameter is 15m, is designed. The central permeable well is reserved in the middle of the buoy, and the winch is applied to drive up and down the multi-parameter observation equipment, which realize the real-time, continuous, long-term and stable observation of the water profile. At the same time, the problem of twining between the section observation equipment and the fixed anchor system is effectively avoided by the three-anchor mooring method. In addition, the three anchor buoy integrated observation platform also has the functions of intelligent judgment and remote monitoring, which is a new type of offshore water profile observation technology. The technology platform has been tested in the East China Sea for one year, and a large number of water profile observation data have been obtained. The platform runs stably, and function are well satisfied since its application, which is worth to be promoted.
Key words:  water profile observation  three-anchor type  buoy observation  offshore
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