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坐底式海洋环境监测系统制作应用及其回收方法研究
陈永华
中国科学院海洋研究所
摘要:
本文首先概述了坐底式海洋环境监测系统的发展历程、结构组成、工作原理和系统功能等,然后结合所设计的一套坐底式海洋环境监测系统,对其结构组成特点、原理功能和实际应用情况等进行了具体叙述。同时介绍了坐底式海洋环境监测系统的布放与回收方法,并对近海经常出现的无释放器或释放器失灵的坐底式海洋环境监测系统,并且潜水员或作业型ROV不方便下潜系缆的情况,设计了一种实操性强的打捞回收方法,经过实践证明行之有效,可为相关研究应用提供参考借鉴。最后总结了我们所设计的坐底式海洋环境监测系统特点及回收方法,并预测了坐底式海洋环境监测系统未来的发展方向。
关键词:  海洋监测系统  坐底式  海底观测网节点  结构组成与工作原理  回收方法
DOI:10.11759/hykx20200208002
分类号:
基金项目:科技部重点研发计划项目,中国科学院重点科研装备研制项目
Research on bottom mounted marine environmental monitoring system and its recovery method
chenyonghua
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
In this paper, the development process, structure, working principle and system function of the bottom mounted marine environment monitoring system are summarized firstly, and a set of bottom mounted marine environment monitoring system designed by ourselves is introduced with its structure, principle, functions and practical application in detail. At the same time, this paper introduces the layout and recovery methods of the bottom mounted marine environmental monitoring system. Especially, we describe in detail a recovery method that takes innovation and practicability into account for the situation that the bottom mounted marine environmental monitoring system working on the seabed is without releaser or the releaser on it is failure which often occurs offshore. What’s more, the diver or ROV is not convenient to go down and fasten towing line on it. This will provide help for relevant research and application. Finally, the future development of the bottom mounted marine environmental monitoring system is summarized and predicted.
Key words:  Marine monitoring system  Bottom mounted  Nodes of submarine observation network  Structure composition and working principle  Recovery method
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