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基于海岸带发展指数的台湾海岸带可持续发展量化评价
田海燕1, 薛雄志2, 刘春雷1, 李亚松1
1.中国地质科学院水文地质环境地质研究所;2.厦门大学
摘要:
海岸带可持续发展量化评价是区域可持续发展研究的热点,在海岸带管理中具有战略性的指导价值。文章采用海岸带发展指数(CDI)对台湾地区2000-2013年海岸带可持续展开量化研究。结果表明2000-2013年台湾地区海岸带发展的可持续性总体呈倒U型先升后降的变化趋势。2000-2013年间,台湾地区沿海的环境保护与经济增长的协调性经历了不协调 → 协调 → 不协调的波浪式变化。通过对六个亚指标指数值的追踪分析得出自然岸线减少、海洋保护区建设重数量轻质量和过度追求海岸带环境保护则是阻碍2000-2013年间台湾地区海岸带可持续发展的主要原因。本文一方面以台湾地区为案例验证了CDI在海岸带可持续发展量化评价中的价值,另一方面为学者们开展台湾地区海岸带相关研究提供了长时间序列的历史性资料和信息,支撑和促进海峡两岸的协同发展。
关键词:  海岸带可持续发展指数(CDI)  可持续发展  台湾地区  量化  环境保护  经济增长
DOI:
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基金项目:
Quantitative Assessment of Coastal Sustainable Development of Taiwan Based on the Coastal Development Index
Tian hai yan1, Xue xiongzhi2, Liu chun lei1, Li ya song1
1.Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences;2.Xiamen University
Abstract:
Quantitative assessment of coastal sustainable development has attracted increasing interest and concern in regional sustainable development research. It has strategic value in guiding coastal zone management. We apply the Coastal Development Index (CDI) to quantify the sustainability of coastal development of Taiwan region during 2000 and 2013. The results show the sustainability of coastal development of Taiwan is an inverted U-shape trend between 2000 and 2013. The coordination between environmental protection and economic growth in Taiwan has experienced an uncoordinated → coordinated → uncoordinated process. However, the losing of natural coastline, the construction of marine protected areas focusing on quantity while ignoring the quality, and the excessive pursuit of coastal environmental protection while restricting economic growth are two major reasons for the decline of coastal ecological sustainable development of Taiwan in 2000-2013. This paper demonstrates the value of CDI in the quantitative assessment of the coastal sustainable development with a detail case study of Taiwan region. In addition, it provides scholars with long-term historical data and information on Taiwan coasts. Furthermore, it would support and promote the coordinated development for both sides of the Taiwan Straits.
Key words:  Coastal Development Index (CDI)  Sustainable development, Taiwan region  Quantification  Environmental Protection  Economic Growth
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