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基于SCHISM模式的全球潮波模拟
涂成东, 纪棋严, 左军成
浙江海洋大学
摘要:
基于SCHISM海洋数值模式,采用非结构三角网格,对全球大洋潮波进行数值模拟。通过调和分析,将196个潮位站的实测数据与模拟结果进行比较验证,两者符合良好,M2、K1分潮同潮图的形态也与TPXO8、FES2014b和NAO.99b模型给出的相似。根据模拟结果,给出了M2、S2、K1、O1四个主要分潮的同潮图。结果表明,太平洋中存在8个M2分潮无潮点,大西洋中存在4个M2分潮无潮点,印度洋中存在3个M2分潮无潮点。总体上来说,M2分潮在北太平洋和北大西洋东岸附近海域的振幅大于西岸附近海域的振幅,而在南太平洋和南大西洋情况相反。S2分潮分布特征与M2分潮类似,但振幅较小。太平洋中存在5个K1分潮无潮点,大西洋中存在3个K1分潮无潮点,印度洋中存在2个K1分潮无潮点。K1分潮的振幅普遍较小,在大部分海域不超过30cm,由大洋向近岸有增加的趋势。太平洋中存在4个O1分潮无潮点,大西洋和印度洋中各存在2个无潮点。O1分潮在大部分海域不超过20cm,由大洋向近岸有增加的趋势。最后,讨论了本模型与对比模型之间误差存在的原因。
关键词:  SCHISM  全球潮波  数值模拟
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划
Global Tide Simulation based on SCHISM Model
TuChengdong, JiQiyan, ZuoJuncheng
Zhejiang Ocean University
Abstract:
Based on the SCHISM ocean numerical model, an unstructured triangular grid is used to numerically simulate global ocean tides. Through harmonic analysis, the measured data of 196 tidal stations are compared with the simulation results to verify that the two are in good agreement, the shape of the cotidal charts of global M2 and K1 tidal component is also similar to that given by the TPXO8, FES2014b and NAO99.b models. According to the simulation results, the cotidal charts of the four main components of M2, S2, K1, and O1 are given. The results show that there are 8 M2 amphidromic points in the Pacific Ocean, 4 M2 amphidromic points in the Atlantic Ocean, and 3 M2 amphidromic points in the Indian Ocean. Generally speaking, the amplitude of the M2 tidal component in the waters near the eastern border of the North Pacific and North Atlantic is always greater than that of the waters near the western border, while the opposite is true in the South Pacific and South Atlantic. The distribution characteristics of S2 tidal component are similar to that of M2 tidal component, but the amplitude is smaller. There are 5 K1 amphidromic points in the Pacific Ocean, 3 K1 amphidromic points in the Atlantic Ocean, and 2 K1 amphidromic points in the Indian Ocean. The amplitude of the K1 tidal component is generally small, not exceeding 30 cm in most sea areas, and there is an increasing trend from the ocean to the nearshore. There are 4 amphidromic points of O1 in the Pacific Ocean, and 2 amphidromic points in the Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean. The amplitude of O1 tidal component does not exceed 20 cm in most sea areas, and there is an increasing trend from the ocean to the nearshore. Finally, the reasons for the errors between this model and the comparison model are discussed
Key words:  SCHISM  global tides  numerical simulation
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