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福岛核事故及核污水排海进入中国海路径及其影响
吴俊文1, 陈吉生1, 赵化德2, 王翠3
1.汕头大学;2.生态环境部国家海洋环境监测中心;3.自然资源部第三海洋研究所
摘要:
自2011年3月日本福岛第一核电站事故发生以来,其对中国海的影响一直备受国内高度关注。基于近十年的研究成果,本文综述了福岛第一核电站事故释放的放射性核素进入中国海的海洋传输路径主要为表层环流和模态水(亚热带模态水和中央模态水),经表层环流和模态水到达中国海的时间尺度分别在10-15年和2-3年之间。对比分析福岛第一核电站事故前后可知:南海137Cs活度持平,黄海137Cs活度稍有降低,但东海137Cs活度有所升高。鉴于目前有限的监测站位和短期的观测时间,福岛第一核电站事故对中国海的影响程度大小还有待于长期监测和进一步的评估。同时针对日本政府宣布福岛第一核电站核污水排海计划,分析了其潜在的风险和指出了未来的研究方向。最后,本研究可为应对未来福岛核污水排放研究提供科学依据。
关键词:  福岛第一核电站事故,中国海,福岛核污水,黑潮,134Cs,137Cs
DOI:
分类号:P76
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(42076038)、广东省自然科学基金 (2021A1515011886) 、南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)重大专项团队项目(GML2019ZD0606) 、汕头大学科研启动(NTF18011) 、广东省自然科学基金 (2019A1515010611)和汕头市创新创业项目(2021112176541391)。
Transport pathway of of radioactive materials and nuclear sewage discharged from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident into the China Sea and its impact
Junwen Wu1, Jisheng Chen1, Huade Zhao2, Cui Wang3
1.Shantou University;2.National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Ministry of Ecological Environment;3.Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resource
Abstract:
Since the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) accident occurred in March 2011, its environmental impact on the China Sea has become of considerable public concern. Based on the previous studies in the recent ten years, we summarized the transport paths of radionuclides released by the FDNPP accident into the China Sea are mainly surface circulation and mode water (Subtropical Mode Water and central mode water). The arrival time of surface circulation and mode water reaching the China Sea are 10-15 years and 2-3 years, respectively. Before and after the FDNPP accident, the 137Cs activity in the South China Sea and the Yellow Sea showed minor variation, but the 137Cs activity in the East China Sea showed a slight increase. In view of the limited monitoring stations and short-term observation time, the impact of the FDNPP accident on the China Sea needs long-term monitoring and further evaluation. Meanwhile, we pointed out that the potential risks and future research directions about the FDNPP nuclear sewage disposal plan announced by the Japanese government. Finally, this study can provide a scientific basis for future research on Fukushima nuclear sewage discharge.
Key words:  Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, China Sea, Fukushima nuclear sewage, Kuroshio, 134Cs, 137Cs
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