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全球海洋酸化研究态势与最新进展分析
於维樱,张灿影,冯志纲,郭琳
中国科学院海洋研究所,中科院海洋所,中国科学院海洋研究所,中国科学院海洋研究所
摘要:
海洋是一个巨大的碳库,通过吸收大气中的二氧化碳减缓了全球变暖的局势。海洋同时也是蕴含丰富资源的宝库,过量二氧化碳的吸收造成海水pH值发生变化,海洋酸化对这个资源宝库的影响不容忽视。文章通过文献计量与统计分析的方法,从宏观角度研究了海洋酸化研究的整体发展现状、主要研究力量与研究主题分布,分析了未来的发展趋势,并结合现有问题给出了讨论建议,以期为未来的海洋酸化研究提供一定的参考借鉴。研究结果表明:海洋酸化研究经历了探索、成型、快速增长与稳步增长4个时期,澳大利亚、美国、加拿大和英国是主要研究国家,美国国家海洋与大气管理局、美国伍兹霍尔海洋研究所、美国加州大学、澳大利亚昆士兰大学和詹姆斯库克大学是主要研究机构。海洋酸化过程与成因、敏感性生物与生命过程影响、生态系统影响与生态效应、珊瑚礁与藻类典型研究等内容则是该领域的主要研究主题。未来的海洋酸化研究还应该拓展广度和深度、提升方法和技术,并注意制定综合研究计划、慎重定性与量化研究结果、考虑多方面差异耦合因子并加强基础研究与国际合作。
关键词:  海洋酸化  文献计量  研究态势  最新进展
DOI:10.12036/hykxjk20160721005
分类号:
基金项目:
Bibliometric Analysis on Research Trends and Latest Developments of Global Ocean Acidification
yu wei ying,zhang can ying,feng zhi gang and guo lin
Institue of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Institue of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Institue of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Institue of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Abstract:
The ocean is a huge carbon reservoir which can slow global warming situation by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide. The ocean also contains a wealth of resources, but the excessive absorption of carbon dioxide lead to the decrease of seawater pH value, the effects of ocean acidification on the ocean cannot be ignored. Through bibliometric methods and statistical analysis from a macro perspective, this paper studied the overall development trend of ocean acidification, research power distribution and major research topics, analyzed the future trends, and put forward several research proposals combined with the existing problems, which aimed to provide some references for future ocean acidification research. The results show: ocean acidification research experienced four development periods including exploring, prototyping, rapid growth and steady growth; Australia, United States, Canada and the UK were the main research countries; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, University of California, University of Queensland and James Cook University were the major research institutions. The process and causes of ocean acidification ,sensitivity organism and life processes influence, the ecosystem impacts and ecological effects, typical research on coral reefs and algae were the main research topics in this field. Future ocean acidification research should further expand the breadth and depth of research, improve research methods and techniques, and pay attention to the development of a comprehensive research program, carefully summarize qualitative and quantitative research results, consider various differences coupling factor and strengthen basic research and international cooperation.
Key words:  Ocean acidification  bibliometrics analysis  research trends  latest developments
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