首页 | 期刊介绍 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 常用下载 | 过刊浏览 | In English
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1469次   下载 9700 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
湘江尾闾河槽演变和整治意见
余奕昌, 陈景山
华东师范大学 上海 200062
摘要:
根据1988—1990年对湘江尾闾河槽进行实地考察所采集的河床底质和浅钻资料,及在艑山、岳阳、城陵矶三个测流断面所取得的水文、泥沙数据,从水动力条件和地质地貌及沉积相角度进行分析,发现河槽呈缓慢右移,右汊冲深,左汊淤浅,河宽逐渐缩窄的趋势。整治应以挖槽疏浚为主,浚深右汊中部河段,适当采取丁坝、潜坝、炸礁工程。引流归槽,以挖制河势,稳定航道。
关键词:  湘江  长江  东洞庭湖  边界条件  水文  泥沙  河槽演变
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:
THE EVOLUTION OF XIANGJIANG RIVER LOWER REACH RIVER-BED AND THE REALIGNMENT PROPOSAL
Yu Yichang, Chen Jingshan
Geography Department, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
Abstract:
Within the east Dongting Lake area, Xiangjiang River Lower reach flows through Bianshan and Yueyang into Changjiang River at Chenglingji. Being a river during dry season, but a lake when flooded, the flow of water, silt and the boundary conditions are so complicated that the disorder and changes of the beaches greatly affect shipping. Both Yueyang and Chenglingji are not only the north gate of Hunan Province but also the water transportation pivot which links Dongting Lake and four other rivers with Qhangjing River. Because of its important economic status, we made an on-the-spot investigation of the area. from l988 to 1990. Based on the landforms, deposit face water power and the original data of hydrology and silt from the flow sections at Bianshan, Yueyang and Chenglinigji, found that the evolution law of the river-bed — the river-bed has been moving gradually to the right; with the right branch getting deeper, the left branch is getting silted and shallower, and the river itself is getting narrower. In order to control the lie of the river and have a stable waterway, we suggest that the middle part of the right branch is dredged, mainly through the way of digging, while spur dike, underwater dike and reef explosion can be applied if necessary.
Key words:  Xiangjiang River, Changjiang River, East Dongtinig Lake, Boundary conditions, Hydrology, Silt, The evolution of the river-bed
版权所有 《海洋与湖沼》编辑部 Copyright©2008 All Rights Reserved
主管单位:中国科学技术协会 主办单位:中国海洋湖沼学会 中国科学院海洋研究所
地址:青岛市南海路七号  邮编:266071  电话:0532-82898753  E-mail:liuxiujuan@qdio.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司