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热带西太平洋海洋系统物质能量交换及其影响——中国科学院海洋先导专项介绍
孙松1,2,3,4, 孙晓霞2,3,4
1.中国科学院海洋研究所 海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室 青岛 266071;2.胶州湾海洋生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站 青岛 266071;3.中国科学院大学 北京 100049;4.青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室 海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室 青岛 266071
摘要:
本文重点介绍海洋专项的科学意义、聚焦的关键问题、研究区域的选择、总体研究思路、实施方案与预期成果。海洋专项面向国家重大战略需求和国际海洋科技前沿,以西太平洋及其邻近海域海洋系统为主要研究对象,从“海洋系统”的视角开展综合性协同调查与研究,在西太暖池对东亚及我国气候的影响机制、邻近大洋影响下的近海生态系统演变规律、西太平洋深海环境和资源分布特征等领域开展系统研究,同时进行我国深海研究探测装备的研发与应用,为提升我国深海大洋理论研究水平,为我国海洋环境信息保障、战略性资源开发、海洋综合管理、防灾减灾、海上丝绸之路建设提供科学依据,为建设“海洋强国”提供科技支撑。
关键词:  热带西太平洋  物质能量交换  海洋先导专项
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20170900244
分类号:P7
基金项目:中国科学院战略先导科技专项(A类),XDA11020305号;鳌山科技创新计划,2016ASKJ02-1号。
WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN SYSTEM: STRUCTURE, DYNAMICS AND CONSEQUENCES—INTRODUCTION ON THE STRATEGIC PRIORITY RESEARCH PROGRAM OF THE CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES—WESTERN PACIFIC OCEAN SYSTEM
SUN Song1,2,3,4, SUN Xiao-Xia2,3,4
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Jiaozhou Bay Marine Ecosystem Research Station, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;4.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
The scientific significance, key issues, the selection of research areas, the overall research route, the implementation plan, and the expected achievements of the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences—Western Pacific Ocean System (WPOS): structure, dynamics and consequences are introduced. Facing major national strategic needs and the forefront issues of international marine science and technology, and focusing on the Western Pacific Ocean and its adjacent marine system, we carried out a series of comprehensive, collaborative investigation and research from the perspective of “marine system”. Research activities were conducted on the mechanism of Indo-Pacific warm pool and its influence on the climate of the East Asia and China, the changes of Chinese coastal ecosystem under the influence of the adjacent ocean, the environment and resource distribution in the deep sea of the Western Pacific Ocean, and the development of the deep sea research and detection equipment. The performance of this project provides a scientific basis for China's marine environmental information security, strategic resource development, integrated marine management, disaster prevention and mitigation, maritime silk road construction, and provide scientific and technological support for the construction of “maritime power”.
Key words:  Western Pacific Ocean System  structure dynamics  Strategic Priority Research Program
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主管单位:中国科学技术协会 主办单位:中国海洋湖沼学会 中国科学院海洋研究所
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