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引用本文:吴旭文,徐奎栋.中国海欧努菲虫复合种(Polychaeta,Onuphidae)的分类修订.海洋与湖沼,2020,51(3):630-638.
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中国海欧努菲虫复合种(Polychaeta,Onuphidae)的分类修订
吴旭文1,2, 徐奎栋1,2,3
1.中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生物分类与系统演化实验室 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心 青岛 266071;3.中国科学院大学 北京 100049
摘要:
通过对中国科学院海洋生物标本馆历年收藏的欧努菲虫属Onuphis标本的系统研究,发现我国被广泛报道的多毛类物种欧努菲虫O.eremita Audouin&Milne Edwards,1833为错误记录,该种在在中国海并无分布,绝大部分标本应鉴定为入江欧努菲虫O.iriei Maekawa&Hayashi,1999,少数为中华欧努菲虫O.chinensis Uschakov&Wu,1962、福建欧努菲虫O.fujianensis Uschakov&Wu,1962、乌氏欧努菲虫O.uschakovi Wu&Xu,2017及色斑欧努菲虫O.variolata Shen,1987。本文回顾了O.eremitaO.iriei的分类研究历史,对我国入江欧努菲虫的头部、疣足、刚毛等形态结构及地理分布进行全面研究,同时对上述欧努菲虫复合种做了形态比较,澄清了欧努菲虫长达30年的分类学误识。
关键词:  多毛类  矶沙蚕目  欧努菲虫科  模式种  地理分布
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20191100213
分类号:Q959.192
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目,31601842号,41876171号。
REVISION OF ONUPHIS EREMITA COMPLEX (POLYCHAETA, ONUPHIDAE) FROM CHINA SEAS
WU Xu-Wen1,2, XU Kui-Dong1,2,3
1.Laboratory of Marine Organism Taxonomy and Phylogeny, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:
A comprehensive taxonomic study was conducted on the nominal species Onuphis eremita Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 in the sea areas of China based on the collections deposited in the Marine Biological Museum of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (MBMCAS). Our examination showed that the frequent records of O. eremita in China seas were misidentified. Most of these Chinese specimens should be identified as O. iriei Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999, which are distributed in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea. The other species easily confused with O. eremita include O. chinensis Uschakov & Wu, 1962; O. fujianensis Uschakov & Wu, 1962; O. uschakovi Wu & Xu, 2017; and O. variolata Shen, 1987. Onuphis iriei is able to be distinguished from O. eremita by the absence of interramal papillae in the anterior segments (vs. present). We reviewed the taxonomic history of the two species, provided the description, illustration, and distribution of O. iriei, and compared the key characters of O. eremita complex in China seas.
Key words:  polychaetes  Eunicida  Onuphidae  type species  geographic distribution
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