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引用本文:相建海.厚植海洋生物学基础,创新海洋生物技术,赋能蓝色生物产业.海洋与湖沼,2020,51(4):673-683.
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厚植海洋生物学基础,创新海洋生物技术,赋能蓝色生物产业
相建海
作者单位
相建海 中国科学院海洋研究所 青岛 266071 
摘要:
著名生物学家童第周、曾呈奎、张玺奠基的中国科学院海洋研究所建所70年来,面向国际学科前沿、国家重大需求和国民经济主战场;刘瑞玉、吴尚懃、张福绥、郑守义为代表的科学家和一批批优秀学科带头人努力攀登,攻坚克难,前仆后继,薪火相传,为我国海洋生物学学科的系统、全面发展做出了重要建树和奠基性贡献,夯实了海洋科学技术发展的根基。近30多年,可为海洋生产力及其可持续性提供解决方案的海洋生物技术受到国内外普遍重视,海洋研究所为国家海洋生物高技术发展战略出谋划策,并在关键技术突破上发力,引领了海洋生物技术的创新发展。在实现产业化,推动蓝色生物产业的征途上,海洋研究所为世界最大的海洋增养殖产业发展壮大做出突出贡献,直接催生了海藻、贝类和对虾三次养殖浪潮的兴起,带动了基础性、战略性海水增养殖种业发展;此外,海洋研究所在海洋药物、海洋生物制品的研究与开发以及着力挖掘和提升海洋生态系统服务功能和价值上,成果斐然,有力支撑了蓝色生物新型产业的发展。新近,海洋研究所牵头筹建的中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心必将为建设海洋强国,铸造蓝色辉煌注入强劲活力。
关键词:  中国科学院海洋研究所  70周年回顾展望  海洋生物学发展与贡献  海洋生物技术创新和突破  支撑和赋能海洋生物产业
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20200200043
分类号:Q178
基金项目:
LAYING SOLID FOUNDATION OF MARINE BIOLOGY, INNOVATING MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY, AND ENABLING BLUE BIOINDUSTRY
XIANG Jian-Hai
Abstract:
In the 70 years since the founding of the Institute of Oceanology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IOCAS) under the leadership of famous biologists TONG Di-Zhou, ZENG Cheng-Kui, and ZHANG Xi, the IOCAS has been oriented to the frontiers of international disciplines, the major demands of the state, and the main battlefield of national economy. The scientists represented by LIU Rui-Yu, WU Shang-Qin, ZHANG Fu-Sui, and ZHENG Shou-Yi, as well as a number of outstanding scientific leaders, have made important contributions to the systematic and comprehensive development of marine biology in China, and laid a solid foundation for the development of marine science and technology. In the past 30 years, marine biotechnology, which can provide solutions for ocean productivity and its sustainability, has received widespread attention at home and abroad. The IOCAS has provided strategic ideas for the national high-tech development strategy of marine biology, and has made efforts in key technological breakthroughs, leading the innovative development of marine biotechnology. In the process of realizing industrialization and promoting the blue bio-industry, the IOCAS has made outstanding contributions to the development and growth of the world's largest mariculture industry, which has directly resulted in the rise of three waves of seaweed, shellfish, and prawn cultivation, and led to the development of basic and strategic mariculture seed industry. In addition, the research and development of marine drugs and marine biological products, and the efforts to develop and enhance the service function and value of marine ecosystem, conducted by the IOCAS have yielded remarkable achievements, which have effectively supported the development of new blue biological industries. Recently, the National Oceanographic Research Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, led by the IOCAS, will certainly inject strong vitality into the building of a marine power and a blue glory in China.
Key words:  Institute of Oceanology,Chinese Academy of Sciences  review and outlook of the 70th anniversary  development and contribution of marine biology  innovation and breakthrough in marine biotechnology  supporting and enabling marine bio-industry
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