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引用本文:侯晓帆,王珍岩,李文建,刘凯,王青.西太平洋卡罗琳洋脊CM4海山铁锰结壳矿物学和地球化学特征.海洋与湖沼,2020,51(5):1118-1126.
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西太平洋卡罗琳洋脊CM4海山铁锰结壳矿物学和地球化学特征
侯晓帆1,2, 王珍岩1,3,4,2, 李文建1,2, 刘凯1,2, 王青1,2
1.中国科学院海洋研究所 海洋地质与环境重点实验室 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院大学 北京 100049;3.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋矿产资源评价与探测技术功能实验室 青岛 266237;4.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心 青岛 266071
摘要:
2017年8月中国科学院海洋研究所在西太平洋低纬度海区的卡罗琳洋脊CM4海山开展了多学科综合调查,发现该海山山体表面分布着大量的铁锰结壳。本文对该海山的5个铁锰结壳样品进行了矿物学和地球化学研究,利用X射线衍射(XRD)、电感耦合等离子光谱及质谱(ICP-OES、ICP-MS)等测试技术分析了铁锰结壳的矿物组成、主微量元素和稀土元素含量,并进一步探讨了铁锰结壳的成因类型。结果表明,该海山铁锰结壳的矿物组成以水羟锰矿为主,含有少量钡镁锰矿、水钠锰矿、针铁矿、纤铁矿、石英和方解石。该海山铁锰结壳的Mn、Fe、Co、Ni、Cu元素平均含量分别为24.24%、15.14%、0.16%、0.34%、0.01%。与全球各大洋海山区铁锰结壳相比,该海山样品的Cu含量很低。该海山铁锰结壳的稀土元素(REY)含量相对偏低,总体为轻稀土(LREE)富集;稀土(REY)配分模式显示相对平坦的特征,呈明显的Ce正异常,轻微的Y负异常和Ho正异常。样品的矿物组成、元素比值、元素组合等都表明该海山铁锰结壳属于水成成因,未受明显的成岩作用影响。
关键词:  铁锰结壳  地球化学  矿物学  成因  卡罗琳洋脊CM4海山
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20191000193
分类号:P736.4
基金项目:中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类),XDA9060401号,XDA11030103号;科技部基础资源调查专项,2017FY100802号
MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF FERROMANGANESE CRUSTS OF CAROLINE RIDGE CM4 GUYOT IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC
HOU Xiao-Fan1,2, WANG Zhen-Yan1,3,4,2, LI Wen-Jian1,2, LIU Kai1,2, WANG Qing1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.Laboratory for Marine Geology, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China;4.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
In August 2017, a multidisciplinary comprehensive survey of the Caroline ridge CM4 guyot in the low latitudes of the western Pacific Ocean was conducted, in which a large number of ferromanganese crusts were found distributed on the mountain surface. Five ferromanganese crust samples collected from Caroline CM4 guyot were studied in mineralogy and geochemistry. By using XRD, ICP-OES and ICP-MS, mineral composition and the contents of major elements, trace elements, and rare earth elements of the samples were analyzed, and the geochemical characteristics and genesis were preliminarily discussed. Results show that the ferromanganese crusts are dominated by vernadite with a small amount of todorokite, birnessite, goethite, quartz, and calcite. The average concentration of Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu of the samples is 24.24%, 15.14%, 0.16%, 0.34%, 0.01%, respectively. Compared with that of ferromanganese crusts in Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean, the Cu content of the samples is relatively lower. The samples are relatively enriched in LREE. The REE diagram shows a positive anomaly of Ce, Ho and negative anomaly of Y. Meanwhile, the mineral composition, element ratios, and element groups indicate that the samples are hydrogenetic in origin and have not undergone obvious diagenesis.
Key words:  ferromanganese crusts  geochemistry  mineralogy  genesis  Caroline ridge CM4 guyot
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