首页 | 《海洋与湖沼》简介 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 常用下载 | 过刊浏览 | 期刊订阅 | In English
引用本文:李永祺,张鑫鑫.对海洋生态学和生物海洋学的浅析.海洋与湖沼,2021,52(5):1067-1074.
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 72次   下载 49 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
对海洋生态学和生物海洋学的浅析
李永祺, 张鑫鑫
中国海洋大学海洋生命学院 青岛 266003
摘要:
海洋生态学和生物海洋学的研究内容大多交叉、重叠。为利于学科发展,文章在简述学科的产生与定义的基础上,强调学科之间要加强合作,适当分工。建议:海洋生态学侧重研究生物之间的相互关系和对环境的适应性、生存策略,并积极与经济、社会和文化相关学科交叉、融合;生物海洋学侧重于研究生物在海洋环境中的作用和功能,把推进对海洋的认识放在首位,加强与物理海洋学、化学海洋学的耦合,为海洋在地球四大圈层的相互关系中展现活力。据此,以渔业海洋学、海洋生态灾害和生物对地质的作用为例,阐述海洋生态学和生物海洋学的理解及其相互之间关系。
关键词:  海洋生态学  生物海洋学  渔业海洋学  海洋生态灾害
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20210400081
分类号:
基金项目:
附件
COGNITION ON MARINE ECOLOGY AND BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
LI Yong-Qi, ZHANG Xin-Xin
College of Marine Life Sciences, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
Abstract:
Issues of marine ecology and biological oceanography are largely overlapping. In this paper, the establishment and definition of the two disciplines are introduced, and the cooperation and key components are emphasized. It is suggested that marine ecology shall focus on the issues of the relationship among marine organism, the adaptability to environment, and the survival strategy, and as well as other issues relative to economical, social, and cultural perspectives. On the other hand, biological oceanography shall emphasize the function and role of marine organism in marine ecosystem, and make it a top priority to promote the understanding of the ocean. Meanwhile, biological oceanography should try to strengthen the coupling with the physical oceanography and chemical oceanography, and highlight the roles of the ocean in the interaction among the four layers of the earth. In addition, the differences and connections between the two disciplines are presented in fishery oceanography, marine ecological disasters, and biological effects on processes at sea bottom.
Key words:  marine ecology  biological oceanography  fishery oceanography  marine ecological disaster
版权所有 海洋与湖沼 Oceanologia et Limnlolgia Sinica Copyright©2008 All Rights Reserved
主管单位:中国科协技术协会 主办单位:中国海洋湖沼学会
地址:青岛市福山路32号  邮编:266071  电话:0532-82898753  E-mail:ols@qdio.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司