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引用本文:胡晓坤,张清春,陈振帆,孔凡洲,王锦秀,于仁成.北部湾海域球形棕囊藻遗传多样性分析.海洋与湖沼,2019,50(3):601-610.
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北部湾海域球形棕囊藻遗传多样性分析
胡晓坤1,2, 张清春1,3,4, 陈振帆1,2, 孔凡洲1,3,4, 王锦秀1,2, 于仁成1,3,2,4
1.中国科学院海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室(中国科学院海洋研究所) 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院大学 北京 100049;3.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室 海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室 青岛 266071;4.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心 青岛 266071
摘要:
南海北部湾海域近年来连年暴发球形棕囊藻赤潮,严重威胁近海生态安全,亟待探明赤潮成因。球形棕囊藻是一种广泛分布于温带至热带海域的有害藻华微藻,具有明显的种下遗传分化。为了解北部湾海域球形棕囊藻的遗传多样性及其对赤潮藻种来源的指示意义,本研究针对分离于北部湾海域赤潮发生期间的4株棕囊藻,以核糖体28S大亚基rRNA基因(28S rDNA)D1-D2区和转录间隔区(ITS区)为靶区构建克隆文库,通过测序分析了北部湾海域球形棕囊藻的遗传多样性。结果表明,从北部湾分离的4株棕囊藻均为球形棕囊藻,但不同年份分离的球形棕囊藻藻株之间存在明显的遗传差异。部分球形棕囊藻藻株(PG2015和PG2017)的不同克隆间也存在遗传差异,这种遗传差异在由单一藻细胞建立的克隆培养系中仍存在,表明遗传差异是来自细胞内多拷贝的基因序列,可能源自不同地理种群球形棕囊藻之间的基因交流。与ITS区相比,28S rDNA D1-D2区能更好地反映球形棕囊藻遗传多样性状况,具有作为分子标记指示球形棕囊藻地理种群的潜力,但仍需深入研究。研究结果深化了对北部湾球形棕囊藻遗传多样性的认识,有望为进一步解析北部湾海域球形棕囊藻赤潮原因种来源提供判据。
关键词:  球形棕囊藻  遗传多样性  赤潮  北部湾
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20180700184
分类号:
基金项目:科技部重点研发项目,2017YFC1404304号;青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室鳌山科技创新计划项目,2016ASKJ02号;国家自然科学基金委面上项目,41576121号;国家自然科学基金委-山东省联合基金项目,U1606404号;中国科学院战略性先导科技专项,XDA11020304号
GENETIC DIVERSITY OF PHAEOCYSTIS GLOBOSA STRAINS ISOLATED FROM THE BEIHU GULF, THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
HU Xiao-Kun1,2, ZHANG Qing-Chun1,3,4, CHEN Zhen-Fan1,2, KONG Fan-Zhou1,3,4, WANG Jin-Xiu1,2, YU Ren-Cheng1,3,2,4
1.CAS Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Qingdao 266071, China;4.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
Red tides of Phaeocystis globosa were recorded in the Beibu Gulf, the South China Sea in the last five years, posing significant impacts on marine environment and ecosystems. P. globosa is a major red-tide causative species, distributes from temperate to tropical waters around the world, and features rich intraspecies genetic diversity. To understand the status of genetic diversity of P. globosa in the Beibu Gulf and its potential role to reveal the origin of red-tide-forming P. globosa, four strains of Phaeocystis were isolated from the gulf during Phaeocystis blooms from 2015 to 2017 and examined. Targeting at the 28S ribosomal rRNA gene (28S rDNA) and the ITS region, clone libraries were established for the four strains of P. globosa and sequenced. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of the 28S rDNA D1-D2 region and ITS region, all of the four strains of Phaeocystis could be identified as P. globosa, and significant genetic diversity was revealed in P. globosa. Strains isolated at different years from the Beibu Gulf had different genetic information. High genetic diversity was found not only among strains of P. globosa but also within a clone culture established from a single cell of P. globosa. It implies that the genetic diversity of some P. globosa strains exists within multiple copies of targeted genes within a single cell, which is probably due to the gene exchange among different geographical populations of P. globosa. Compared to the ITS region, the 28S rDNA D1-D2 region is a better choice to represent the intraspecies genetic diversity of P. globosa. The results primarily revealed the genetic diversity of P. globosa in the Beibu Gulf and will provide important clues of the origination of bloom-forming P. globosa in the Beibu Gulf.
Key words:  Phaeocystis globosa  genetic diversity  harmful algal bloom  the Beibu Gulf
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