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引用本文:崔莹,吴旭干,赵峰,李嘉尧,连一霖,王福强.基于碳、氮稳定同位素分析中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)幼蟹溯河洄游期食物来源变化.海洋与湖沼,2019,50(4):822-829.
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基于碳、氮稳定同位素分析中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)幼蟹溯河洄游期食物来源变化
崔莹1, 吴旭干2, 赵峰3, 李嘉尧2, 连一霖2, 王福强1
1.华东师范大学 河口海岸学国家重点实验室 上海 200062;2.上海海洋大学 水产与生命学院 上海 201306;3.中国水产科学研究院东海水产研究所 上海 200090
摘要:
中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)是我国重要的渔业捕捞和水产养殖对象,但野生中华绒螯蟹溯河洄游过程中的摄食生态尚不明确。本论文以长江野生中华绒螯蟹为研究对象,沿其洄游路线设置3个采样区域,采集不同发育时期的幼体及其潜在的食物来源等样品。通过对比分析幼体及食源样品的碳、氮稳定同位素特征,对中华绒螯蟹溯河洄游期的食物组成及变化进行探讨。结果发现,从大眼幼体到幼蟹,碳稳定同位素(δ13C)呈现逐渐变轻的趋势,氮稳定同位素(δ15N)呈现逐渐变重的趋势。表明中华绒螯蟹从大眼幼体到幼蟹的发育过程中,随着幼体不断向上游江段回溯,食物中陆源物质的比例逐渐增大,食物来源由浮游性食物向底栖性食物转变,且营养级逐渐增高。综合分析证明,在生境多样化、食物来源复杂的河流生态系统中,δ13C值呈现的是食物来源的区域性和特异性,可以识别中华绒螯蟹洄游过程中的食源变化。δ15N值虽受到区域氮源以及生物地球化学过程的影响,仍能体现幼体发育过程中营养级的差异。
关键词:  中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)  溯河洄游  稳定同位素  食物来源
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20181100261
分类号:TS254
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目,41706128号;国家重点研发项目,2016YFA0600902号;农业部现代农业技术体系专项资金项目,CARS-48号。
DIET SOURCES OF JUVENILE CHINESE MITTEN CRAB (ERIOCHEIR SINENSIS) DURING UPSTREAM MIGRATION INDICATED BY THE CARBON AND NITROGEN STABLE ISOTOPES
CUI Ying1, WU Xu-Gan2, ZHAO Feng3, LI Jia-Yao2, LIAN Yi-Lin2, WANG Fu-Qiang1
1.Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;2.College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;3.East China Sea Fishery Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai 200090, China
Abstract:
The diet sources of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) during their migration are not well-known yet. In this paper, the wild Chinese mitten crab was sampled along their migration route from Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary to the Zhenjiang section of Changjiang River, and their potential diet sources were collected in three regions. The changes in the diet sources of the crab during their migration were analyzed by comparing the carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes of the crab and their potential diet sources. The results exhibit that the δ13C values decreased but the δ15N values increased from megalopa larva to juvenile crab. Changes in the δ13C and δ15N values of the crab during migration suggested that the proportion of terrigenous carbon sources in their diet increased during the upstream migration, and the diet was changed from pelagic to benthic sources, and the trophic level increased. In conclusion, the δ13C value exhibited differences in region and species of the diet sources, and was shown able to distinguish variation in the diet sources. Although the δ15N value was affected by the regional nitrogen source and biogeochemical process, it could still reflect the change in the trophic level.
Key words:  Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)  upstream migration  stable isotopes  diet source
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