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引用本文:贾美军,姚宇,何天城,郭辉群.大糙率礁面影响下珊瑚礁海岸附近规则波演化及爬高试验研究.海洋与湖沼,2020,51(6):1344-1349.
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大糙率礁面影响下珊瑚礁海岸附近规则波演化及爬高试验研究
贾美军,姚宇,何天城,郭辉群
1.长沙理工大学 水利工程学院 长沙 410114;2.水沙科学与水灾害防治湖南省重点实验室 长沙 410114
摘要:
本文通过波浪水槽试验研究了大糙率礁面影响下波浪沿礁的演化和爬高规律,测试了一系列规则波工况并对比了光滑礁面和粗糙礁面的情况。结果分析表明:二次谐波是礁坪上透射波的重要组成成分,粗糙礁面使主频波和二次谐波减小,对更高阶波的影响不显著;相对礁坪水深是描述礁坪上波浪透射的关键参数,礁面从光滑变为粗糙时海岸附近透射系数显著减小,能量衰减系数平均增大了8%,但礁前反射系数与礁面糙率之间无明显关系;礁后岸滩爬高随着透射波高的增大而增长,最后拟合了本文试验条件下珊瑚礁大糙率礁面预测规则波爬高的关系式。
关键词:  糙率  高次谐波  波浪爬高  规则波  珊瑚礁
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20200100022
分类号:TV139.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目,51979013号,51679014号;湖南省教育厅项目,18A116号。
A FLUME STUDY OF REGULAR WAVE TRANSFORMATION AND RUN-UP AROUND REEF COASTS WITH LARGE SURFACE ROUGHNESS
JIA Mei-Jun1,2, YAO Yu1,2,3, HE Tian-Cheng1,2, GUO Hui-Qun1,2
1.School of Hydraulic Engineering, Changsha University of Science&2.Technology, Changsha 410114, China;3.Key Laboratory of Water-Sediment Sciences and Water Disaster Prevention of Hunan Province, Changsha 410114, China
Abstract:
To investigate the regular wave transformation and run-up across reef profile under the effect of reef surface roughness, a series of laboratory experiments were carried out in a wave flume, and both the smooth and the rough reef surfaces were tested. The results show that the 2nd harmonic waves are important components of transmitted waves on reef flat. The rough reef surface damps the 1st and the 2nd harmonics, and its impact on the higher harmonics is insignificant. The relative reef-flat submergence is a key parameter to describe the wave transmission. Wave transmission coefficient dropped significantly but energy dissipation coefficient increased by 8% on average in all scenarios when reef surface became rough. However, wave reflection from the reef seemed independent of surface roughness. Wave run-up on the back-reef beach increased with the increasing transmitted wave height. Finally, an empirical formula was proposed with which regular wave run-up on the back-reef beach could be predicted in large surface roughness in the tested scenarios.
Key words:  roughness  higher harmonics  wave run-up  regular wave  coral reef
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