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非静压水波模型研究综述
马玉祥, 艾丛芳, 董国海
大连理工大学海岸和近海工程国家重点实验室 辽宁大连 116024
摘要:
水波数值模拟一直是水利、海岸、海洋工程和物理海洋等学科关注的重要研究领域之一。在诸多的水波模型之中,非静压水波模型以其计算精度和效率较为平衡的特点受到青睐。非静压水波模型经过近三十年的发展,为科学研究、工程设计分析和海洋资源开发等提供了重要的技术手段。然而,如何开发更为高效的非静压模型,拓宽模型的应用领域一直是研究的主要研究方向。文章综述了非静压模型概念的提出以及数值开发的难点,介绍了非静压模型在波浪传播演化和波浪与结构物相互作用这两方面的应用进展,将有助于研究者了解非静压水波模型的研究和应用现状。
关键词:  数值模拟  水波模型  非静压模型  波浪与结构物相互作用
DOI:10.11693/hyhz20220200041
分类号:P753
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目,51979029号;国家自然科学基金项目,52171248号;国家自然科学基金项目,51720105010号;中央高校基本科研业务费,DUT21LK01号。
A REVIEW ON NON-HYDROSTATIC WATER WAVE MODELS
MA Yu-Xiang, AI Cong-Fang, DONG Guo-Hai
Dalian University of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian 116024, China
Abstract:
Water wave numerical simulation has always been one of the important research fields of hydraulic engineering, coastal engineering, marine engineering, and physical oceanography. Among many water wave models, non-hydrostatic water wave models are favored by researchers because of its balance between computational accuracy and efficiency. After nearly three decades of development, non-hydrostatic water wave models provide important technical means for scientific research, engineering design and analysis, and marine resources development. However, developing more-efficient non-hydrostatic models and broadening the application field of the models have always been the pursuit of non-hydrostatic model researchers. In this paper, we first introduce the concept of “non-hydrostatic pressure”, and then review the application of non-hydrostatic models in wave propagations and evolutions, and wave-structure interactions from the perspective of model development and application.
Key words:  numerical simulation  water wave model  non-hydrostatic model  wave-structure interactions
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