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现代水产种业硅谷建设的几点思考
杨红生1,2,3
1.中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室, 山东青岛 266071;2.中国科学院烟台海岸带研究所, 山东 烟台 264003;3.青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室, 山东青岛 266071
摘要:
“国以农为本,农以种为先”,种业位于农业产业链的最前端,是国家战略性、基础性产业,也是决定现代农业发展的核心要素。我国是世界上12个生物多样性特别丰富的国家之一,水产种质资源分布极为广泛。近年来,我国水产种业发展迅速,但水产增养殖业的良种覆盖率仍然较低。因此,加快发展水产种业尤显迫切。该文论述了国内外水产种业发展现状,分析了我国水产种业存在的问题和发展趋势,提出了建设水产种业硅谷的设想,并对建设目标、建设内容、建设原则及其保障措施提出了几点建议,以期为我国水产种业健康发展起到积极的促进作用。
关键词:  水产种业  水产种业硅谷  建设目标  建设内容
DOI:10.11759/hykx20180524001
分类号:S9-9
基金项目:国家重点研发计划“蓝色粮仓科技创新”专项项目(2018YFD 0901602);山东省农业良种工程(2017LZGC010,2016LZGC032);泰山学者资助项目(特聘专家);国家自然科学基金-山东省联合基金项目(U1606404)
Several strategies for the modernization of the construction of the aquaculture seed industry silicon valley
YANG Hong-sheng1,2,3
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Yantai Institue of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, China;3.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
As the saying goes, "agriculture is the foundation of a nation". Thus, seeds are prioritized in agriculture. The seed industry, a strategic and basic industry in agriculture, is the core factor in the agricultural industry chain and plays a key role in the development of modern agriculture. China is one of the twelve countries rich in biodiversity, with aquatic germplasm resources distributed widely across the country. In recent years, the aquaculture seed industry has achieved considerable great advancement. However, the coverage ratio of fine-scale breeding is still relatively low. Therefore, the aquaculture seed industry in China needs to be improved. In this report, we addressed the current status, evaluated the challenges, and predicted the development tendency of the aquaculture seed industry in China. Based on which, we proposed the modernization of the construction of the Aquaculture Seed Industry Silicon Valley and presented several strategies including construction goals, contents, and principles and safeguard measures. We hope that our work can provide new insights into the sustainable development of the seed industry in the future.
Key words:  aquaculture seed industry  Aquaculture Seed Industry Silicon Valley  construction goals  construction contents
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