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引用本文:刘长华,张曙伟,王旭,万晓正,贾思洋,赵环宇,王春晓,刘野,齐勇,范秀涛,刘世萱.三锚式浮标综合观测平台的研究和应用[J].海洋科学,2020,44(1):148-156.
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三锚式浮标综合观测平台的研究和应用
刘长华1, 张曙伟2,3, 王旭1, 万晓正2,3, 贾思洋1, 赵环宇2,3, 王春晓1, 刘野2,3, 齐勇2,3, 范秀涛2,3, 刘世萱2,3
1.中国科学院海洋研究所, 山东 青岛 266071;2.齐鲁工业大学(山东省科学院)海洋仪器仪表研究所, 山东青岛 266061;3.山东省海洋监测仪器装备技术重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266061
摘要:
在我国近海海域渔业活动频繁的情况下,为实现具有实时、连续、长期和稳定特征的近海海洋水体剖面观测,满足海洋科学研究对剖面水体数据的需求,通过借鉴目前我国近海广泛使用的10 m大型综合观测浮标的优点,在结构和稳性方面进一步优化,设计完成直径15 m的三锚式浮标综合观测平台,该平台通过在浮标中间预留中央透水井,使用绞车上下驱动多参数观测设备实现水体剖面的实时、连续、长期和稳定观测,并通过三锚式锚泊方式有效避免了剖面观测设备与固定锚系的缠绕问题,同时还具有智能判断、远程监控等功能,是一种新型的近海水体剖面观测平台。经过在我国东海海域一年的试验性观测表明,三锚式浮标综合观测平台整体运行效果良好,取得大量的水体剖面观测数据,在我国近海具有广泛的适用性。
关键词:  水体剖面观测  三锚式  浮标观测  近海
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191106004
分类号:P715
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上基金(41876102);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项项目(XDA1906020303);国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016YFC1401201)
Research and application of three-anchor buoy integrated observation platform
LIU Chang-hua1, ZHANG Shu-wei2,3, WANG Xu1, WAN Xiao-zheng2,3, JIA Si-yang1, ZHAO Huan-yu2,3, WANG Chun-xiao1, LIU Ye2,3, QI Yong2,3, FAN Xiu-tao2,3, LIU Shi-xuan2,3
1.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Qilu University of Technology(Shandong Academy of Sciences) Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation, Qingdao 266061, China;3.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Monitoring Instrument Equipment Technology, Qingdao 266061, China
Abstract:
Under the condition of high frequent fishery activities in China's offshore waters, in order to realize the real-time, continuous, long-term and stable profile observation of offshore and meet the needs of marine scientific research. On the basis of the advantages of large-comprehensive observation buoy technology which is applied in China's offshore areas widely, the buoy structure and stability is further optimized. A three-anchor buoy comprehensive observation platform with 15 m in diameter, is designed. The central permeable well is reserved in the middle of the buoy, and the winch is applied to drive up and down the multi-parameter observation equipment, which realize the real-time, continuous, long-term and stable observation of the water profile. At the same time, the problem of twining between the section observation equipment and the fixed anchor system is effectively avoided by the three-anchor mooring method. In addition, the platform also has the functions of intelligent judgment and remote monitoring, which is a new type of offshore water profile observation technology. The platform has been tested for one year in the East China Sea, and a large number of water profile observation data have been obtained. The platform runs stably, and function are well satisfied since its application, which is worth to be promoted.
Key words:  water profile observation  three-anchor type  buoy observation  offshore
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