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引用本文:陆耀烽,丁志斌,黎炜,陈鹏,陈晓.近岸海域水质模型研究现状及展望[J].海洋科学,2020,44(2):161-170.
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近岸海域水质模型研究现状及展望
陆耀烽, 丁志斌, 黎炜, 陈鹏, 陈晓
陆军工程大学国防工程学院, 江苏 南京 210007
摘要:
为更好地了解和使用近岸海域水质模型,总结和比较了EFDC(environmental fluid dynamics code)、WASP(water quality analysis simulation program)和MIKE三种模型的概念、性能、优势和局限性,介绍了其在近岸海域的应用,强调了选用合适的模型和降低不确定性是减小模拟结果误差的重要保证,对近海水质模型进行了展望。分析表明,WASP和EFDC的扩展性和开发性较强,MIKE的选择性更大;虽然水质模型在近岸海域已有较多应用,但仍有较大的发展空间,可通过模型内部完善、新技术耦合以及应用范围拓宽等途径使近岸海域水质模型得到进一步发展。
关键词:  近岸海域  水质模型  EFDC (environmental fluid dynamics code)  WASP (water quality analysis simulation program)  MIKE
DOI:10.11759/hykx20190610001
分类号:P76
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0506304)
Review of coast quality models: Research process and outlook
LU Yao-feng, DING Zhi-bin, LI Wei, CHEN Peng, CHEN Xiao
Defense Engineering College, Army Engineering University of PLA, Nanjing 210007, China
Abstract:
To better understand the coastal water quality model, the environmental fluid dynamics code (EFDC), water quality analysis simulation program (WASP), and MIKE were reviewed on the basis of their conceptualization, capabilities, strengths, limitations, and applications. Moreover, it was important to select the appropriate model and reduce uncertainty. The development trend of the coastal water quality model was also examined. The analysis showed that WASP and EFDC had stronger scalability, whereas MIKE had better selectivity. Although the coastal water quality model has been widely used, there is still room for development, which can be achieved by improving the model, coupling new technologies, and broadening the application scope.
Key words:  coast  water quality model  environmental fluid dynamics code (EFDC)  water quality analysis simulation program (WASP)  MIKE
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