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引用本文:张宁,陈岩,高先池,杨桂朋.西北太平洋低纬度区域海水中溶解氨基酸的分布及组成研究[J].海洋科学,2020,44(5):60-70.
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西北太平洋低纬度区域海水中溶解氨基酸的分布及组成研究
张宁1, 陈岩1, 高先池1, 杨桂朋1,2
1.中国海洋大学化学化工学院, 山东 青岛 266100;2.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室, 山东 青岛 266237
摘要:
本文对2018年秋季西北太平洋低纬度区域上层海洋(5~200 m)中溶解氨基酸(THAA)的分布和组成进行了研究。结果表明,该海域表层海水中THAA的浓度范围为0.40~0.97 μmol/L,平均浓度为0.58±0.14 μmol/L;5~200 m垂直断面上THAA的平均浓度为0.59±0.16 μmol/L,范围为0.30~1.05 μmol/L。调查海域内THAA浓度明显低于中国近海,在5~200 m内的垂直分布基本表现出随深度增加而增加的趋势。将表层和垂直水体中的THAA分别与DOC、Chl a等环境因子进行相关性分析,结果显示均无显著相关性。西北太平洋低纬度区域海水中的优势氨基酸是天冬氨酸(Asp)、谷氨酸(Glu)、丝氨酸(Ser)、甘氨酸(Gly)、苏氨酸(Thr)和丙氨酸(Ala)。基于氨基酸的碳归一化产率(THAA-C%)、降解因子(DI)值,表明该海域表层海水中的有机质降解程度较高,且随深度的增加而降低。
关键词:  西北太平洋低纬度区域  溶解氨基酸  分布  组成  降解因子
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191230004
分类号:P734
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0601301);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41830534)
Distribution and composition of dissolved amino acids in seawater of low-latitude Northwest Pacific
ZHANG Ning1, CHEN Yan1, GAO Xian-chi1, YANG Gui-peng1,2
1.College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China;2.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology(Qingdao), Qingdao 266237, China
Abstract:
The distribution and composition of dissolved amino acids (THAA) were investigated in the upper seawater of the low-latitude Northwest Pacific Ocean in autumn 2018. Results showed that the concentration of THAA in the surface seawater ranged from 0.40 to 0.97 μmol/L, with an average of 0.58±0.14 μmol/L, while the average concentration of THAA in the vertical transect was 0.59±0.16 μmol/L, ranging from 0.30 to 1.05 μmol/L. The THAA concentration in the surveyed area was significantly lower than that in China's offshore waters, and the vertical distribution of THAA within 5~200 m basically shows an increasing trend with increasing depth. Correlation analysis showed that THAA had no significant correlation with dissolved organic carbon, chl a, and other environmental parameters. The dominant amino acids in the seawater were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, glycine, threonine, and alanine. Amino acid-based degradation indicators (THAA-C%, DI) showed that the degradation of organic matter in the surface seawater was high and decreased with increasing depth.
Key words:  low-latitude Northwest Pacific  dissolved amino acids  distribution  composition  degradation index
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