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引用本文:张翠霞,高歌,李世玥,吴宇佳,王蕊,吴梦瑶,刘泽洋,刘宇轩,杨昊达.中肋骨条藻-裸甲藻-双毛纺锤水蚤营养传递的级联效应[J].海洋科学,2020,44(5):123-132.
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中肋骨条藻-裸甲藻-双毛纺锤水蚤营养传递的级联效应
张翠霞1,2,3, 高歌1, 李世玥1, 吴宇佳1, 王蕊1, 吴梦瑶1, 刘泽洋1, 刘宇轩1, 杨昊达1
1.天津科技大学 海洋与环境学院, 天津 300457;2.天津市海洋资源与化学重点实验室, 天津 300457;3.天津市海洋环境保护与修复技术工程中心, 天津 300457
摘要:
中型浮游动物因摄食微型浮游动物,释放了微型浮游动物对浮游植物的摄食压力,这种营养级联效应会增加浮游植物丰度和降低中型浮游动物对浮游植物的摄食率,从而弱化浮游生物网营养传递过程中的下行控制作用。本研究在实验室模拟了食物链中肋骨条藻-裸甲藻-双毛纺锤水蚤的营养传递过程,发现在中肋骨条藻低生物量时,双毛纺锤水蚤偏好于选择摄食裸甲藻;高生物量时,双毛纺锤水蚤偏好选择摄食中肋骨条藻。营养传递过程中存在正的级联效应(0.018~0.12 d-1),级联效应的大小与裸甲藻的摄食率和双毛纺锤水蚤对裸甲藻的摄食选择指数呈现显著的正相关关系。双毛纺锤水蚤对中肋骨条藻的直接摄食死亡率大于营养级联效应,从而导致中肋骨条藻生物量的降低。因此,营养级联效应对中型浮游动物摄食浮游植物的影响要弱于中型浮游动物的直接摄食作用。
关键词:  裸甲藻  双毛纺锤水蚤  中肋骨条藻  营养级联效应  摄食选择
DOI:10.11759/hykx20190712001
分类号:
基金项目:天津科技大学大学生实验室创新基金(No.1705A303);天津市高等学校大学生创新创业训练计划(No.201810057029)
Trophic cascading effect on the food chain of Skeletonema costatum-Gymnodinium sp.-Acartia bifilosa
ZHANG Cui-xia1,2,3, GAO Ge1, LI Shi-yue1, WU Yu-jia1, WANG Rui1, WU Meng-yao1, LIU Ze-yang1, LIU Yu-xuan1, YANG Hao-da1
1.Tianjin University of Science & Technology, College of Marine and Environmental Science, Tianjin 300457, China;2.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Chemistry, Tianjin 300457, China;3.Tianjin Marine Environmental Protection and Restoration Technology Engineering Center, Tianjin 300457, China
Abstract:
Trophic cascading occurs during the release of the grazing pressure on phytoplankton from microzooplankton owing to the grazing of mesozooplankton on microzooplankton. This may result in an increase in the abundance of phytoplankton, thereby causing a decrease in ingestion, weakening the transmission of the top-down control from mesozooplankton to phytoplankton in the pelagic foodweb. In this study, we simulated a food chain involving Skeletonema costatum-Gymnodinium sp.-Acartia bifilosa under laboratory conditions to quantify the trophic cascade effect and feeding impact on phytoplankton. The results showed that Acartia bifilosa fed selectively on the Gymnodinium sp. under low Skeletonema costatum biomass; in contrast, Skeletonema costatum had its feeding under high diatom biomass. There was a positive effect on the trophic cascades (within the range of 0.018~0.12 d-1) in the trophic transmission. The strength of the trophic cascade had a significant positive correlation on the grazing rate of Gymnodinium sp. on diatom and feeding selectivity index of Acartia bifilosa on dinoflagellate. The direct grazing mortality on Skeletonema costatum by Acartia bifilosa was higher than the positive effect of trophic cascades; this in turn lead to the decrease in Skeletonema costatum biomass. Therefore, the influence of the trophic cascade effect was weaker than that of direct feeding on phytoplankton by mesozooplankton.
Key words:  Gymnodinium sp.  Acartia bifilosa  Skeletonema costatum  trophic cascade  feeding selectivity
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