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引用本文:任强,于非,南峰,王建丰,孙凡,陈子飞.逆式回声测量仪在全球海洋中应用及前景展望[J].海洋科学,2020,44(7):171-178.
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逆式回声测量仪在全球海洋中应用及前景展望
任强1,2,3,4, 于非1,2,3,4, 南峰1,2,3,4, 王建丰1,2,3,4, 孙凡1,2,3, 陈子飞1,2,3
1.中国科学院海洋研究所, 山东 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院海洋环流与波动重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266071;3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;4.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心, 山东 青岛 266071
摘要:
系统总结了逆式回声测量仪(IES)的发展历史,重点介绍了其目前在世界范围内的应用情况,并阐述了CPIES(集成流速和压力传感器的IES)在我国吕宋海峡周边布放的意义及对未来应用的展望。结果表明采取不同的排列方式布放的IES阵列所获取的数据通过结合地转经验模态GEM(gravest empirical mode)以及最优插值方法能够获得观测海区的温度、盐度和流场的三维空间分布特征。基于CPIES的应用,可深入地研究多尺度的海洋动力过程,如内波、内潮和中尺度涡等,对后续大洋环流理论发展、中尺度涡产生和消亡机理、海洋中不同尺度能量串级等具有重要意义。
关键词:  逆式回声测量仪(IES)  大洋  海洋动力  中尺度过程
DOI:10.11759/hykx20200119004
分类号:P731
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2017YFC1403401,2016YFC1400505);全球变化与海气相互作用专项(GASI-02-PAC-ST-Wwin);国家自然科学基金创新群体项目(41421005)
Application and prospect of inverted echo sounder in global ocean
REN Qiang1,2,3,4, YU Fei1,2,3,4, NAN Feng1,2,3,4, WANG Jian-feng1,2,3,4, SUN Fan1,2,3, CHEN Zi-fei1,2,3
1.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Key Laboratory of Ocean Circulation and Fluctuation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;4.Center for Ocean Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
The development history of inverted echo sounder (IES) is summarized systematically, and its current application in the world is introduced. The significance of the CPIES (IES integrated with pressure and current sensors) array deployed near the Luzon Strait in China and the prospect of its future application are expounded. The results show that the data obtained from the IES arrays, combined with the gravest empirical mode (GEM) and the optimal interpolation method, can obtain the three-dimensional spatial distribution characteristics of temperature, salinity and flow filed in the observed sea area. Based on the application of CPIES, multi-scale ocean dynamic processes, such as internal waves, internal tides and mesoscale eddies, can be further studied in future. More than that, its great significant to study the development of ocean circulation theory, the generation and extinction mechanism of mesoscale eddies, and energy transform at different scales in the ocean.
Key words:  inverted echo sounder (IES)  ocean  ocean dynamic  mesoscale processes
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