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引用本文:马新,潘玉龙,徐金涛.海洋浮游甲藻中文属名的研究[J].海洋科学,2023,47(3):66-78.
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海洋浮游甲藻中文属名的研究
马新1, 潘玉龙2, 徐金涛1
1.国家海洋局秦皇岛海洋环境监测中心站, 河北 秦皇岛 066002;2.国家海洋局北海环境监测中心, 山东 青岛 266033
摘要:
物种中文名,即物种学名的中文译名,在生物专业领域和科学普及等方面起着重要的作用。然而,长期以来对海洋浮游甲藻中文名的重视程度不够且拟定时缺乏统一的标准,导致现有海洋浮游甲藻的中文名比较混乱,甚至很多属缺少中文译名,不利于国内同行科研交流、管理部门决策处置及科普宣传等。本文以AlgaeBase藻类数据库中收录的海洋浮游甲藻的有效拉丁名为基础,系统梳理了中文浮游植物文献书籍中的海洋浮游甲藻中文属名,参照已报道的中文拟名规则,通过溯源考证、参考形态学特征等方式规范了部分浮游甲藻的中文属名。结果显示,海洋浮游甲藻共计152个属,其中有77个属有唯一的中文名报道,且被广泛应用,予以保留;有12个属有两个及以上的中文名,且使用比较混乱,结合文献及这些属的形态特征,为之拟定了比较合理的中文名;有63个属暂无中文名,依据其建立时的文献资料,详细考证其拉丁属名的来源、原始含义及其形态特征描述,为其拟定了较为合理的中文属名,以供参考。
关键词:  浮游甲藻  属名  中文属名  拟名规则  异名
DOI:10.11759/hykx20220817001
分类号:Q179.1;Q19
基金项目:山东省海洋生态环境与防灾减灾重点实验室开放基金项目(201607)
Analyzing Chinese genus names of marine planktonic dinoflagellates
MA Xin1, PAN Yu-long2, XU Jin-tao1
1.Marine Environment Monitoring Central Station of Qinhuangdao, SOA, Qinhuangdao 066002, China;2.North China Sea Monitoring Center, SOA, Qingdao 266033, China
Abstract:
The standard Chinese translations of scientific names are vital for a better understanding of scientific research and outreach activity. For the marine planktonic dinoflagellates, the Chinese names also require considerable attention, due to the lack of unified nomenclature rules. Several errors in Chinese genus names have been observed in the literature, hindering the dissemination and better understanding of phytoplankton science. Based on the Latin names in the AlgaeBase database, this study revised the Chinese genus names of marine planktonic dinoflagellates in Chinese phytoplanktonic literature. A proposed name was given by traceability and textual research for a genus without a common Chinese name. The results showed one hundred and fifty-two genera of marine planktonic dinoflagellates. The Chinese names of seventy-seven genera had been previously determined, widely used, and reserved. Combining the literature and morphological characteristics proposed a proper Chinese name for twelve genera with two or more Chinese names. The correct Chinese names were proposed for sixty-three genera with no Chinese names based on the original meaning and morphological characteristics described in the literature when they were established.
Key words:  planktonic dinoflagellates  genus names  Chinese genus name  rules of nomenclature  synonym
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