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引用本文:张昊宇,吴海燕,董晨帆,郑关超,郭萌萌,谭志军.利玛原甲藻产毒差异及影响因素研究进展[J].海洋科学,2023,47(3):137-146.
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利玛原甲藻产毒差异及影响因素研究进展
张昊宇1,2, 吴海燕2, 董晨帆1,2, 郑关超2, 郭萌萌2, 谭志军2,3,4
1.上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306;2.中国水产科学研究院 黄海水产研究所, 山东 青岛 266071;3.青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室, 山东 青岛 266071;4.海洋食品精深加工关键技术省部共建协同创新中心 大连工业大学, 辽宁 大连 116034
摘要:
利玛原甲藻(Prorocentrum lima,P.lima)是全球广泛分布的有害赤潮藻类,也是腹泻性贝毒(Diarrhetic Shellfish Toxins,DSTs)的主要产生藻之一,其产生的DSTs给海洋环境、渔业及人类健康带来了严重的危害。研究发现,全球范围内不同P.lima藻株的产毒能力具有显著差异,多种环境因子如营养盐、盐度、光照等因素均会对P.lima的产毒能力产生影响,从而决定了不同区域贝类中DSTs的风险。本文比较分析了全球范围内P.lima的产毒差异,并重点解析了环境因子对其产毒能力的影响,对于全球范围内P.lima产毒能力差异及影响因素形成了较为系统的科学认知,对未来开展P.lima海洋生态学及食品安全研究具有重要的借鉴意义。
关键词:  利玛原甲藻  腹泻性贝毒  产毒机制  营养环境
DOI:10.11759/hykx20210905002
分类号:S917
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2017YFC1600701);国家自然科学基金项目(41806138,31772075,32072329)
Research progress on the difference in toxin production and factors influencing production in Prorocentrum lima
ZHANG Hao-yu1,2, WU Hai-yan2, DONG Chen-fan1,2, ZHENG Guan-chao2, GUO Meng-meng2, TAN Zhi-jun2,3,4
1.College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China;2.Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), Qingdao 266071, China;4.Collaborative Innovation Center for key Technologies of Marine Food intensive and Deep processing, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116034, China
Abstract:
Prorocentrum lima (P. lima) is a harmful red tide alga widely distributed worldwide and is also one of the major causative algae producing diarrheal shellfish poisoning (DST). The DST produced by P. lima poses a serious threat to the marine environment, fisheries, and human health. Significant differences have been detected in the toxin-producing capacity of different P. lima strains globally, and various environmental factors, such as nutrients, salinity, light, and other factors, affect the toxin-producing capacity of P. lima, which determines the risk of DST in shellfish from different regions. Therefore, this study compared the differences in global P. lima toxin production; particularly, the effect of environmental factors on the DST production capacity of these toxic dinoflagellates was analyzed. This review produces a clear scientific understanding of the toxin production capacity of P. lima and will be helpful for future research on P. lima marine ecology and food safety.
Key words:  Prorocentrum lima  diarrheal shellfish poisoning  effect of toxin production  nutrition environment
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