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Savonius型转轮三角阵列减流性能研究
王声虎,姜楚华,陈俊华,李浩,吴思儒
1.宁波大学;2.宁波大学科学技术学院
摘要:
为了助力海洋牧场减流防护工程,研究Savonius型转轮阵列机组减流性能。建立Savonius型转轮三角阵列尾流场数值模型,并通过水池实验验证准确性,基于可靠数值模型探究转轮阵列机组尾涡减流机理,研究三角阵列结构参数LX、LY,以及动力参数TSR、初始流速、旋向对整体减流性能的影响规律。结果表明,下游转轮产生的涡流呈现非对称分布,并且产生更多涡流的转轮拥有更好地减流效果。另外,LX为3D和LY为2D时减流性能最佳。最后对比发现,在叶尖速比为0.9-1.1之间减流效果更好;初始流速大小不影响减流效果;下游转子对称分布时,随着上游转子改变旋转方向,减流效果出现明显差异。
关键词:  Savonius型转轮  减流  阵列单元  尾流场
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:宁波市科技创新2025专项(2020Z076); 宁波市自然科学基金项目(2023J172);战略性国际科技创新合作重点专项(2020YFE0200100)
Research on the Flow Reduction Performance of Savonius Hydrokinetic Rotor with Triangular Array
wansghenghu1, Jiangchuhua2,3, chenjunhua1, lihao1, wusiru1
1.Ningbo University;2.College of science &3.technology Ningbo University
Abstract:
In order to assist in the flow reduction and protection engineering of marine pastures, the flow reduction performance of Savonius Hydrokinetic rotor array units is studied. Establish a numerical model for the wake flow field of the Savonius Hydrokinetic rotor triangular array, and verify its accuracy through water tank experiments. Based on a reliable numerical model, explore the mechanism of vortex reduction in the wake of the Hydrokinetic rotor array unit, and study the influence of the structural parameters LX and LY of the triangular array, as well as the dynamic parameters TSR, initial velocity, and rotation direction on the overall flow reduction performance. The results indicate that the vortices generated by downstream turbines exhibit an asymmetric distribution, and turbines that generate more vortices have better flow reduction effects. In addition, the flow reduction performance is best when LX is 3D and LY is 2D. Finally, it was found through comparison that the flow reduction effect is better when the blade tip speed ratio is between 0.9 and 1.1; When the downstream rotor is symmetrically distributed, there is a significant difference in the flow reduction effect as the upstream rotor changes its rotation direction.
Key words:  Savonius Hydrokinetic Rotor, flow reduction, array unit, wake field
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