首页 | 期刊介绍 | 编委会 | 道德声明 | 投稿指南 | 常用下载 | 过刊浏览 | In English
引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器  关闭
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 193次   下载 215 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
温度、盐度对海湾扇贝(Argopecten irradians)南北亚种回交幼虫生长和存活的影响
张守都1, 李 娟2, 丛文虎3, 李 莉4
1.青岛国家海洋科学研究中心;2.国家海洋局北海环境监测中心;3.威海海洋职业学院;4.中国科学院海洋研究所
摘要:
开展了海湾扇贝南北亚种杂交子代同海湾扇贝北方亚种间回交、杂交子二代及北方亚种对照组等群体的基因型和温度、盐度等环境因素之间的互作研究。研究结果表明, 杂种F2和回交组别相对纯种组别存在生长优势。温度和盐度均对不同基因型群体的生产和存活产生显著的影响, 其中在逆境温度下杂种F2和回交组能够更加适应并表现出更高的生长优势, 而在盐度中结果却并非如此, 这表明基因型和环境之间的互作机制比较复杂。研究结果为继续在不同海区环境下开展海湾扇贝回交育种提供了积极的理论依据和实践参考。
关键词:  海湾扇贝(Argopecten irradians)  南北亚种  回交  温盐度  基因型
DOI:10.11759/hykx20170815002
分类号:
基金项目:国家贝类产业技术体系项目(CARS-47); 国家自然科学基金(31502150)
The effects of temperature, salinity on larval growth and survival of Argopecten irradians backcrosses
ZHANG Shou-du,LI Juan,CONG Wen-hu,LI Li
Abstract:
The independent and interactive effects of genotype and environmental factors on survival and growth at larvae stage were studied by rearing four distinctly genotypic larvae including two backcross groups, one F2 hybrid group and one purebred group from inter-and intra-crosses of Argopecten irradians and F1 hybrid (A. irradians and A.i.concentricus) under the different temperatures and salinities. Backcross groups or F2 hybrid group were found have a significant advantage over the purebred group in larval growth (P<0.05). Larval survival and growth was significantly affected not only by genotype and temperature or salinity, but also by their interaction. More growth advantage for survival and growth was examined under higher or lower temperature environmental condition, which indicated that hybrid is more fit to inverse temperature than purebred. But the reverse results were found in the salinity test, which may implicate the unknown complicated mechanism of the interaction between genotype and environmental factors. The study might give constructive feedback for the bay scallop backcross breeding and the development of scallop industry.
Key words:  Argopecten irradians  subspecies  backcross  temperature  salinity  genotype
版权所有 《海洋科学》编辑部 Copyright©2008 All Rights Reserved
主管单位:中国科学院 主办单位:中国科学院海洋研究所
地址:青岛市南海路七号  邮编:266071  电话:0532-82898755  E-mail:bjb@qdio.ac.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司