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引用本文:王炼,刘佰琼,徐敏,顾云娟,钱林峰.基于能值分析的江苏省绿色海洋经济可持续发展研究[J].海洋科学,2019,43(3):46-54.
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基于能值分析的江苏省绿色海洋经济可持续发展研究
王炼1, 刘佰琼1, 徐敏1, 顾云娟2, 钱林峰2
1.南京师范大学 海洋科学与工程学院, 江苏 南京 210023;2.江苏省海洋经济监测评估中心, 江苏 南京 210003
摘要:
随着海洋经济的迅速增长,开发利用海洋资源与保护生态环境之间的矛盾日益增强,因此,评估绿色海洋经济可持续发展的态势对促进海洋经济和生态环境的协调发展意义深远。本文以江苏省为研究区,利用能值分析理论和方法,将海洋经济系统内可更新资源、不可更新资源、货币流、废物流等各类要素,通过能值转换率转换为统一标准的太阳能值,采用海域能值-货币比率、人均海域能值使用量、能值可持续发展指数、绿色海洋生产总值(绿色GOP)等指标,测度了2011年-2015年江苏省绿色海洋经济可持续发展水平,旨在推进海洋经济可持续发展研究方法的应用,为江苏省海洋经济系统的综合评价及持续发展管理提供科学依据。研究表明:(1)201年-2015年,江苏省绿色GOP持续增长,占传统GOP的比重从74.8%升至77.8%,表明江苏省在海洋经济快速增长的过程中,没有忽视对海洋资源和生态环境的保护。(2)江苏省绿色海洋经济可持续发展处于不稳定的状态:2011年可持续发展指数为12.77,2012年-2015年可持续发展指数在6.87~9.70之间波动,表明江苏省海洋经济系统从经济不发达以及对海洋资源的开发利用程度不足,逐步过渡到海洋经济富有活力,发展效益好,可持续性强。
关键词:  绿色海洋经济  可持续发展  能值分析  江苏省
DOI:10.11759/hykx220181029001
分类号:P170.6099
基金项目:江苏省自然科学基金(BK20161018);国家海洋局海域管理技术重点实验室开放基金项目(201709);中国海洋发展研究会重点研究项目(CAMAZD201613);国家自然科学基金(41373112、41771447)
Study of the sustainable development of green marine economy of Jiangsu Province based on energy analysis
WANG Lian1, LIU Baiqiong1, XU Min1, GU Yunjuan2, QIAN Linfeng2
1.College of Marine Science and Engineering, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210023, China;2.Marine Economic Monitoring and Evaluation Center in Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Jiangsu, 210003, China
Abstract:
With the rapid growth of Marine economy, the contradiction between the exploitation and utilization of Marine resources and the protection of ecological environment has been increasingly intensified. Therefore, it is of far-reaching significance to evaluate the sustainable development of green Marine economy to promote the coordinated development of Marine economy and ecological environment Taking Jiangsu province as the research area, based on the emergy value analysis theory and method, various elements in the marine economic system, such as renewable resources, non-renewable resources, monetary flow and waste flow, were converted into unified standard-solar energy value by energy value conversion rate. Using indicators such as sea area energy value - currency ratio, per capita sea area energy value consumption, sustainable development index, green ocean gross domestic product (green GOP)and so on, the sustainable development level of green marine economy in Jiangsu province from 2011 to 2015 was measured, aiming at promoting the application of research methods of sustainable development of marine economy, and providing scientific basis for comprehensive evaluation and sustainable development management of marine economic system in Jiangsu province. Research shows:(1) from 2011 to 2015, there has consistent growth of the green GOP in Jiangsu province, with the proportion of the traditional GOP rising from 74.8% to 77.8%, It shows that Jiangsu province has not neglected the protection of Marine resources and ecological environment during the rapid growth of Marine economy.(2) The green marine economy sustainable development in Jiangsu province is in a state of instability:the sustainable development index was 12.77 in 2011, and fluctuated between 6.87 and 9.70 from 2012-2015, indicating that the marine economic system of Jiangsu province has gradually transited from underdeveloped economy and insufficient exploitation and utilization of marine resources to a dynamic marine economy with good development efficiency and strong sustainability.
Key words:  green marine economy  sustainable development  energy analysis  Jiangsu Province
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