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引用本文:刘长华,王春晓,王旭,贾思洋.锚定式海洋水体剖面观测技术的研究与应用[J].海洋科学,2019,43(12):139-147.
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锚定式海洋水体剖面观测技术的研究与应用
刘长华, 王春晓, 王旭, 贾思洋
中国科学院海洋研究所, 山东 青岛 266071
摘要:
介绍了国际上基于海底观测网、浮标和海床基等设施的锚定式海洋水体剖面观测的技术手段,国内西太平洋深海科学观测网、南海潜标观测网和中国科学院近海观测研究网络三大体系中应用的锚定式海洋水体剖面观测技术手段,通过对这些技术特点的分析,指出一些国际上较为成熟的锚定式海洋水体剖面观测技术手段并不适用于我国近海的水体剖面观测,自主研制的基于大浮标的锚定式水体剖面观测技术在我国近海则较为实用,能够长期稳定地运行,而且应用前景广阔。
关键词:  剖面观测  锚定式  近海
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191021001
分类号:P715
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上基金(41876102);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项项目(XDA1906020303)
Research and application of anchor-type profile observation technology of marine water
LIU Chang-hua, WANG Chun-xiao, WANG Xu, JIA Si-yang
Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Science, Qingdao 266071, China
Abstract:
This paper introduces the anchor-type profile observation technical of marine water in the world, which is applied to seafloor observation network, buoy and seabed-base, and applied to the Western Pacific deep sea scientific observation network, the South China Sea submarine observation network and the offshore observation and research network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in China. By analyzing technical feature, it concluded that some mature anchor-type profile observation technical of marine water internationally are not suitable for the observation of water profile in China's offshore waters. The anchor-type profile observation technique attached the large buoy, which is developed independently, is more practical in China's offshore waters, which can operate stably for a long time, and has a broad application prospect.
Key words:  profile observation  anchor-type  offshore
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