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引用本文:杨浩,史宝,牛化欣,张代强,李静.星康吉鳗生物学与生态学的研发现状与展望[J].海洋科学,2020,44(6):152-158.
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星康吉鳗生物学与生态学的研发现状与展望
杨浩1,2, 史宝2,3, 牛化欣1, 张代强2,3, 李静2,3
1.内蒙古民族大学 动物科学技术学院, 内蒙古 通辽 028000;2.中国水产科学研究院 黄海水产研究所 农业农村部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室 青岛海洋科学与技术试点国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室, 山东 青岛 266071;3.天津农学院 水产学院, 天津 300384
摘要:
星康吉鳗(Conger myriaster)具有较高的营养价值和经济价值,是中国和日本重要捕捞对象之一,在中国海鳗类加工出口中占有重要的地位,关于其研究越来越受到关注。星康吉鳗具有较高的产业化养殖潜力和广阔的养殖前景,亟待开展人工增养殖以满足国内外市场需求。作者总结了星康吉鳗生物学方面的形态特征、食性特点、繁殖习性、栖息、洄游、种质遗传特征,生态学方面的温度、盐度、光照、溶氧适应以及捕捞、人工养殖方式等方面的研究成果,并在此基础上对未来星康吉鳗的研究方向进行了展望,以期为星康吉鳗的资源保护和增养殖产业可持续发展提供理论参考。
关键词:  星康吉鳗(Conger myriaster)  生物学  生态学  人工养殖
DOI:10.11759/hykx20191016001
分类号:S968
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院院级基本科研业务费-农业部海洋渔业可持续发展重点实验室开放课题(2019HY-XKQ01);国家自然科学基金项目(31772829);青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室海洋渔业科学与食物产出过程功能实验室开放课题(2017-3A01);青岛海洋科学与技术国家试点实验室‘鳌山人才’培养计划项目(2017ASTCP-ES06);国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFD0900503)
Advances and future prospects in Conger myriaster research
YANG Hao1,2, SHI Bao2,3, NIU Hua-xin1, ZHANG Dai-qiang2,3, LI Jing2,3
1.College of Animal Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao 028000, China;2.Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.College of Fisheries and Agriculture, Tianjin Agricultural University, Tianjin 300384, China
Abstract:
The whitespotted conger (Conger myriaster) is an important fish species with high economic value in China and Japan owing to its high nutritional content. It occupies an important position in marine-eel export in China. C. myriaster has the potential to be artificially cultured and has promising economic prospects. Thus, there is growing international interest in C. myriaster research. Indeed, to meet the demands of domestic and foreign markets, artificial culture of C. myriaster is urgently required. Through investigation of the current literature, this study reviews the progress of C. myriaster research in areas such as its morphological features, feeding characteristics, reproductive biology, habitat, migration, and genetic characteristics of germplasm. In addition, its adaptation to temperature, salinity, light, and oxygen is reviewed, while also taking into account current insights on fishing science and artificial culture. The prospects and direction of future C. myriaster research are also presented. This study aims to provide a theoretical reference for the resource protection and sustainable development of C. myriaster in the aquaculture industry.
Key words:  Conger myriaster  biology  ecology  artificial culture
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