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引用本文:阎波,张欣,张轲,陈莉,田丹.菲和Cd2+单一及复合污染对毛蚶氧化胁迫效应的比较[J].海洋科学,2021,45(1):44-53.
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菲和Cd2+单一及复合污染对毛蚶氧化胁迫效应的比较
阎波1,2,3, 张欣1, 张轲1, 陈莉1, 田丹1
1.天津科技大学 海洋与环境学院, 天津 300457;2.天津市海洋资源与化学重点实验室, 天津 300457;3.天津市海洋环境保护与修复技术工程中心, 天津 300457
摘要:
采用半静态染毒实验研究了菲和Cd2+单一及复合污染下胁迫9 d和清水释放2 d过程中毛蚶体内活性氧(ROS)、谷胱甘肽(GSH)含量和谷胱甘肽硫转移酶(GST)活性的变化。结果表明,菲和Cd2+单独胁迫能诱导毛蚶体内ROS含量的增加及GSH含量、GST活性的降低,且随染毒浓度的增加,对各指标影响愈明显,存在剂量-效应关系。毛蚶体内GSH和GST的变化趋势具有一致性。菲和Cd2+复合污染对毛蚶体内的氧化胁迫效应整体大于二者单独污染。在清水释放阶段,单一及复合污染胁迫组各指标均能恢复至对照组水平。表明毛蚶体内抗氧化系统适合作为监测海洋多环芳烃和重金属复合污染的生物标志物。
关键词:    Cd2+  复合污染  氧化胁迫  毛蚶
DOI:10.11759/hykx20200720006
分类号:Q178.53
基金项目:天津市应用基础与前沿技术研究计划资助项目(15JCYBJC23200)
Comparison of single and combined pollution effect of phenanthrene and cadmium on the oxidative pressure of Anadara Subcrenata
YAN Bo1,2,3, ZHANG Xin1, ZHANG Ke1, CHEN Li1, TIAN Dan1
1.College of Marine and Environmental Science, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China;2.Tianjin Key Lab of Marine Resource and Chemistry, Tianjin 300457, China;3.Tianjin Marine Environmental Protection and Restoration Technology Engineering Center, Tianjin 300457, China
Abstract:
We conducted a semi-static infected experiment to investigate the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, glutathione (GSH) content, and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities of Anadara subcrenata after being exposed to single and combined pollution of phenanthrene (Phe) and cadmium (Cd). The exposure experiment lasted for nine days in pollution media and for two days in clean seawater. The results showed that single exposure of Phe or Cd lead to an increase in the ROS content of A. subcrenata, whereas the GSH content and GST activity followed a decreasing trend for the same. Moreover, the impact on biomarkers became more significant with the exposure concentration, thereby indicating a dose-dependent effect. The overall changing trends of GSH and GST of A. subcrenata remained consistent. Additionally, the oxidative stress of combined effect of Phe and Cd on A. subcrenata was higher than the single effect. Furthermore, these biomarkers of A. subcrenata in different exposure groups returned to the control level after the organisms were transferred to the clean seawater for two days. The study results indicated that the antioxidant defense system of A. subcrenata can act as a suitable biomarker for indicating the combined pollution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals in the marine ecosystem.
Key words:  phenanthrene (Phe)  cadmium (Cd)  combined pollution  oxidative stress  Anadara subcrenata
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