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引用本文:唐俊逸,余香英,刘晋涛,张文博,蒋婧媛.广东省入海排污口分类分布特征及监督管理措施研究[J].海洋科学,2021,45(3):51-58.
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广东省入海排污口分类分布特征及监督管理措施研究
唐俊逸, 余香英, 刘晋涛, 张文博, 蒋婧媛
广东省环境科学研究院, 广东 广州 510045
摘要:
本研究在广东省现有入海排污口清单的基础上,将入海排污口划分为4类,研究分析了入海排污口的数量、类型和分布情况。研究表明,广东省共有入海排污口1 436个,东西两翼数量多于珠三角,区域和地市差异明显。结合广东省近岸海域环境质量状况和排污口分布特征,针对性提出了推进入海排污口规范化设置与备案、分类推进各类排污口污染治理,提升入海排污口监管能力建设等监管措施,为分类实施污染防治措施、强化重点入海排污口监督管理奠定基础。
关键词:  入海排污口  现状分析  监督管理  措施研究
DOI:10.11759/hykx20200703001
分类号:X52
基金项目:广东省重点领域研发计划项目(2020B1111020004)
Classified distribution characteristics, supervision, and management measures for sewage outfalls into the sea in Guangdong Province
TANG Jun-yi, YU Xiang-ying, LIU Jin-tao, ZHANG Wen-bo, JIANG Jing-yuan
Guangdong Provincial Academy of Environmental Science, Guangzhou 510045, China
Abstract:
Based on the existing list of sewage outfalls into the sea of Guangdong Province, this study divided these sewage outfalls into four categories for analysis of their number, type, and distribution. The results indicated that there are 1436 sewage outfalls into the sea in the whole province. The number of sewage outfalls into the sea located in the east and west wings is greater than the number located in the Pearl River Delta region, and there are distinct regional and urban differences. Combined with the environmental quality of coastal waters and the distribution characteristics of sewage outfalls into the sea, the article proposes targeted supervision measures, like impelling the standardized establishment and filing of sewage outfalls into the sea, promoting the pollution treatment of various sewage outfalls by classification, and establishing improved supervision capacity for sewage outfalls into the sea. It lays a foundation for the classified implementation of pollution prevention and treatment and for the strengthening of supervision and management of key sewage outfalls into the sea.
Key words:  sewage outfalls into the sea  current situation analysis  supervision and management  research on measures
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