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引用本文:吕海滨,刘昱君,顾鹏,赵星宇,陆银娟.三个台风对我国东部沿海风电的联合影响[J].海洋科学,2019,43(9):72-77.
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三个台风对我国东部沿海风电的联合影响
吕海滨, 刘昱君, 顾鹏, 赵星宇, 陆银娟
江苏海洋大学测绘与海洋信息学院, 江苏 连云港 222005
摘要:
基于CCMP(cross-calibrated multi-platform)再分析风场数据,研究了9907号,9908号和9909号3个台风对中国沿海5个风电场的影响,分别从台风的形成以及路径,对沿海风电场风速的影响,台风期间的发电情况等详细地描述了台风对风电机组的影响。发现:台风对5个海上风电场的影响可以分为3个阶段,第一阶段是1999年8月1—4日,输出功率由南向北依次降低,此时主要受9907号台风的影响;第二阶段是8月6—9日,8月6日也呈现输出功率由南向北降低,主要是9909号台风由南海途径台湾海峡即将进入东海的影响;受9908号台风影响,8月7日最大输出功率出现在S3风机。8月8日,受9908和9909号台风的叠加影响,S4风机的输出功率达到15天的最大值38.4 MW。第三个阶段是8月12—15日,受大气锋面的影响,S1—S5输出功率呈现波动。台风过境期间提高了各站点的运营能力和部分站点的额定容量,未对风电机组产生大的破坏。研究成果可为相关部门在台风期间海洋风力发电的决策提供参考。
关键词:  沿海风电  台风  发电量  风能
DOI:10.11759/hykx20181106001
分类号:P444
基金项目:淮海工学院创新基金项目(Z2017006);江苏省高校优势学科建设工程资助项目;江苏省海洋技术品牌专业建设项目;江苏省重点研发计划项目(BE2018676)
Combined influence of three typhoons on eastern coastal wind power in China
Lü Hai-bin, LIU Yu-jun, GU Peng, ZHAO Xing-yu, LU Yin-juan
School of Geomatics and Marine Information, Jiangsu Ocean University, Lianyungang 222005, China
Abstract:
Effects of three typhoon, nos. 9907, 9908, and 9909 on five ocean wind power stations along the coast of China were researched based on cross-calibrated multi-platform wind data. Wind data from 15-day wind fields from formation and path of the typhoons, the influence of wind speed on ocean wind power stations, and power generation during the typhoons were analyzed. It was found that the effect of the typhoons on the five ocean wind power stations can be divided into three phases. The first phase was from August 1stto 4th that was mainly affected by typhoon no. 9907. The second phase was from August 6th to 9th. On August 6th, the decrease to the north of power generation was mainly because of the impact of typhoon no. 9909 from the South China Sea to the Taiwan Strait that was about to enter the East China Sea. The maximum power generation on August 7th, affected by typhoon No. 9908, appeared at S3 wind turbine. On August 8th, affected by the superposition of typhoon nos. 9908 and 9909, power generation of the S4 wind turbine reached a maximum of 38.4 MW. The third stage was from August 12th to 15th, and the power generation of S1-S5 fluctuated because of the influence of the atmospheric front. During passage periods of the three typhoons, the operational capability value at each station and the rated capacity value of some stations increased, and no major damage was caused to the wind turbines.
Key words:  coastal wind power  typhoon  power generation  wind energy
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