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引用本文:焦英毅,张均龙.满月蛤目(双壳纲:异齿亚纲)软体动物分类与系统演化研究进展[J].海洋科学,2022,46(10):167-176.
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满月蛤目(双壳纲:异齿亚纲)软体动物分类与系统演化研究进展
焦英毅1,2,3, 张均龙1,2
1.中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生物分类与系统演化实验室, 山东 青岛 266071;2.中国科学院海洋大科学研究中心, 山东 青岛 266071;3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
摘要:
满月蛤目物种是海洋常见的双壳类软体动物,通常生活在有机质含量较高或化能生态系统中,是这两类生态环境中的主要类群。本文回顾了满月蛤目分类与系统演化的研究历史。随着受关注程度的增加以及技术手段的发展,世界范围内出现大量的分类和系统演化研究,但由于物种繁多、样品获取困难、贝壳形态多变,该类群的分类系统仍存在大量尚未解决的问题,且其物种多样性被严重低估。我国对该类群系统性的研究尚未开展。未来需加强标本采集,结合新技术进行整合分类学研究以摸清我国满月蛤目物种组成和区系特点,完善分类系统,进而对其起源演化、扩布路径等问题进行探究。
关键词:  软体动物  双壳纲  满月蛤  索足蛤  多样性
DOI:10.11759/hykx20211030002
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDB42000000);国家自然科学基金(31772422);国家重点研发计划政府间国际科技创新合作专项(2021YFE0193700);中国科学院国际合作局国际伙伴计划(133137KYSB20200002)
Progress in the taxonomy and phylogeny of Lucinida (Mollusca, Bivalva)
JIAO Ying-yi1,2,3, ZHANG Jun-long1,2
1.Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;2.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:
Marine bivalves of the order Lucinida that live primarily in habitats with high organic input or chemosynthesis have attracted interest by the discovery of their chemosymbiosis with sulfide-oxidizing bacteria. The unsolved problems in the taxonomy of Lucinida entangle its systematics. The phylogenetic relationship between the families Lucinidae and Thyasiridae within Lucinida remains controversial. Moreover, many taxa have not been well delimited. Continuing systematic studies of this group have demonstrated that their biodiversity has been grossly underestimated, with a plethora of new species and genera being described from shallow- and deep-water habitats in the past two decades. This group has not been thoroughly studied in the Chinese seas, which is a marine biodiversity center. The species richness of this group has never been adequately documented, with many unknown species yet to be discovered. Taxonomic studies in China have lagged behind the international level. A detailed sampling survey and systematic studies using an integrative taxonomic approach are needed for Lucinida in Chinese waters.
Key words:  Mollusca  Bivalva  Lucinidae  Thyasiridae  biodiversity
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